Dealing with Back Pain (Treatment in Singapore)

60-90% of the population will experience back pain in Singapore.  Chances are you or someone you know has suffered from back pain at some point in their life. It can catch you by surprise and drastically limit your mobility and function. 1 in 2 employees took 4-7 days off work for their back pain in the past year. It decreases productivity and one’s quality of life.

However, back pain doesn’t have to be the norm. At the Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic, our experts can help you bounce back from back pain and prevent future incidents.

What Causes Back Pain?

The back is a complicated structure, consisting of neural networks, the spine, and muscles.

However, everything in the body is connected. Back pain may be caused by a tight muscle, structural abnormalities, neurological issues such as nerve compression, and more.

The spine consists of small bones called vertebrae. In between each bone is a disc. These discs prevent bone-on-bone contact, as well as act as shock-absorbers. Within the spine is the spinal cord. The spinal cord contains the nerves that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body, allowing your brain to communicate to your muscles and joints to perform certain movements.

Further, muscles connect to various points of the spine and pelvis. The condition of these muscles, such as strength and flexibility, can impact your posture and alignment. If these muscles aren’t functioning properly, back pain may occur.

There are a variety of causes of back pain. Some of the most common causes include a slipped disc, osteoarthritis, poor posture, and tight muscles.

A Slipped Disc

A slipped disc, or herniated disc, is the displacement of the shock absorbing disc in between the spinal vertebrae. It may occur due to twisting or moving incorrectly or due to wear and tear over time. Consequently, it may place pressure on nearby nerves.

‘Sciatica’ is the common term used in conjunction with a slipped disc condition. The disc may place pressure on the sciatic nerve, causing numbness, pain, tingling, and weakness to occur down the legs.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the wearing down of the protective cartilage between bones. In the spine, it is often due to the wearing down of the protective discs. With age, these discs naturally become dehydrated. Some refer to this as ‘degenerative disc disease.’

It frequently occurs in the neck or low back, and may cause varying degrees of pain and functional limitations.

Poor Posture

Your body is made to move a certain way. Further, your joints, muscles, and tissues are optimized for proper posture. Unfortunately, a lot of people lack proper posture.

Today, many people lead fairly sedentary lives. We sit at desks all day, jeopardizing our posture and causing certain muscles to shorten. Flexibility and strength decrease.

When we place our body in unnatural positions, dysfunctions occur. For example, if you are leaning forward all day with your head protruding toward your computer screen, you are placing stress on your neck and shoulder muscles, bones, and tissues.

Bad posture can also lead to added stress on the lower back. The body isn’t made to sit in such positions for prolonged periods. And as much as it tries to adapt, back pain is often inevitable without proper intervention or education.

Tight Muscles

Sitting for long periods may also contribute to tight muscles. The hamstrings, hip flexors, and piriformis muscles may become tense or shortened. Due to their attachment points and locations, these muscles can pull on the pelvis and spine causing pain.

Frequently called ‘Piriformis Syndrome,’ the piriformis muscle may spasm and compress the sciatic nerve creating radiating pain down the legs.

However, sports doctor can educate you and help you overcome these conditions. With proper treatment and care, you can decrease and eliminate your back pain issues.

How is Back Pain Treated in Singapore?

Back pain is treated in a number of ways. It frequently depends on the cause.

Pain relievers, such as over-the-counter NSAIDs, may help decrease initial pain and inflammation. However, it isn’t recommended to use these medications in the long-term. Negative side-effects, including gastrointestinal issues, may occur with chronic use.

Exercise, supervised and provided by a trained professional, can help decrease your risk of back pain and eliminate future injuries. Frequently, back pain in Singapore is caused by inactivity and muscle weakness.

The most common form of rehab exercise for back pain involves the strengthening of the neglected transverse abdominals, or TA. The TA muscles are the deep and lower core muscles. They help support and stabilize the spine and pelvis, acting as a girdle. When this muscle is weak, we try to compensate in other ways. However, this often results in injury and pain, specifically in the low back.

A back pain exercise program will focus on strengthening these abdominal muscles, as well as stretching out shortened or tight muscles. Doing so helps reduce pain and dysfunction of the spine. A basic TA exercise to get you started involves:

  • Lying face up, with your knees bent and your feet planted on the ground.
  • Imagine a tightrope pulling your hip bones together or stopping the flow of urine. You can feel with your fingers in between your hip bones to determine if you are tightening your TA muscle or not. Your stomach should not bulge upward, just tighten.
  • Your low back should remain on the ground or bed. Make sure to keep breathing throughout the exercise. A lot of people tend to hold their breath. However, this is incorrect.
  • Try holding the contraction for 5 seconds to start. Build up to 10 second holds. Perform the exercise 10-12 times and at least 2-3 times per day.

 

Common problematic muscles that may also lead to back pain, include the hamstrings, hip flexors, and piriformis. The hamstrings or hip flexors may become tight, which may pull on the pelvis. In turn, this creates alignment issues. Your lower back may become under stress in this unnatural position. Thus, pain may occur. To correct these issues, your sports doctor will prescribe exercises to stretch out and elongate these muscles. They may also use manual techniques to promote healing and to release muscular tension.

The piriformis, as aforementioned, can spasm and compress the sciatic nerve, causing back pain and radiating pain down the legs. Myofascial release techniques and stretches can help release this small muscle, reducing and preventing future incidences.

In combination with exercise, a manual therapist or sport doctor can perform joint manipulations, traction, myofascial release, and other techniques to help alleviate your pain levels. Each treatment protocol is suited to your particular needs.

In severe cases and where other treatment options fail to work, surgery may be used as a last resort. At the Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic, our sports doctor are qualified to perform such surgeries. They can prepare you before surgery and help guide recovery post-surgery.

Types of Back Surgery

There are many types of back surgery. Again, it depends on the cause of your back pain as to what kind of surgery you have. Also, surgery is only considered when other interventions have failed to work. The 3 most common surgeries include:

Discectomy: This surgery may be performed when an individual has a slipped disc. The doctors removes the damaged part of the disc.

Laminectomy: Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal column, which can cause neural issues to arise. In this type of surgery, the lamina portion of the spine is removed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.

Spinal Fusion: 2 or more vertebrae are fused together in this type of surgery. It limits movement between the 2 vertebrae, reducing pain brought on by the motion of these 2 bones. This is often done in cases where the spine has been damaged or a deformity has occurred.

Your sports doctor will thoroughly explain the surgery prior to. Again, these surgeries are only performed when all other interventions and treatments have been unsuccessful. Frequently, surgery will improve one’s pain levels. However, in some cases, it may not fully fix the problem. Exercises and other treatment protocols can help manage the remaining pain post-surgery.

Orthopaedic Care & Treatment of Back Pain in Singapore

At the Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic, our injury experts can help you thwart back pain in Singapore and get you back to your regular activities.

Your sport doctor will conduct a thorough assessment. From their assessment, they will come up with an appropriate treatment plan, including exercise, manual techniques, and education. Call or visit our clinic today! Regain back control of your life and rid yourself of back pain for good.

What to Expect with a Laminectomy in Singapore

A laminectomy procedure on the lower back is one of the most common procedures to treat spinal stenosis, a narrowing of space around the spinal cord. In a laminectomy, surgeons remove the lamina, a bony structure that protects the spinal cord, to relieve pressure causing neural issues and pain. Following a laminectomy surgery, orthopaedic care can aid in the recovery process and help you get back to feeling your best.

Reasons for Undergoing a Laminectomy

Essentially, a laminectomy is performed when other options to alleviate the problem fail to work – it is often a last resort.

The spine is a complex structure. It is made up of 33 vertebrae or bones. These bones of the spine protect the spinal cord. The spinal cord is home to an intricate network of neural bundles stemming from the brain. The brain and spinal cord are the structures that comprise the central nervous system. The central nervous system drives every movement, breath, and thought we make. It is the center of our being. Damage to the spinal cord can cause varying degrees of problems, including paralysis and regulatory functioning issues.

The lamina is the back arch of the vertebrae bone. It protects the spinal cord from outside impact or harm. When abnormalities or bony overgrowths develop on the spine, neural functioning may become significantly impaired and pain may occur. Spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal canal, may create pressure on the nerves that run through the spine. Bony overgrowths due to age or arthritis may also compress these fragile neural networks.

Consequently, pain, numbness, and weakness may occur. In severe cases, the individual may struggle to walk and may lose control of their bladder and bowel movements. When the symptoms become severe enough that they impact day-to-day function and when other treatment options fail to work, a laminectomy is performed. In other words, the lamina portion of the vertebrae is removed.

What Does a Laminectomy Involve?

A laminectomy surgery in Singapore involves the use of general anesthesia. However, before surgery the appropriate tests and examinations are performed to ensure as little risk as possible. Your doctor will also ask you to avoid food and drinks for a set time before surgery. Your doctor will also ask that you avoid NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the week before your surgery.

Depending on the part of the spine that the laminectomy is performed on, it often lasts 1-2 hours. The medical team measures your heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels throughout the procedure.

An incision is made at the affected vertebrae. The aggravating part of the lamina is removed, relieving pressure off of the spinal cord. Depending on the severity and type of condition you have, the surgery may also involve spinal fusion or the removal of a slipped disc. Your surgeon will discuss the plan with you beforehand.

Following a laminectomy surgery, the surgery team will take you to a recovery room. Some will be required to stay in the hospital of a few days, while others may undergo a same-day discharge. It entirely depends on the severity of your situation and how invasive the surgery was.

What Are the Risks of a Laminectomy Surgery in Singapore?

As with any surgery, there are varying risks involved. These risks include:

  • Infection
  • Damage to the spinal cord
  • Spinal fluid leak
  • No change in back pain
  • Stroke
  • Heart Attack
  • Blood loss
  • Blood clots
  • Respiratory issues

Frequently, individuals experience relief after surgery. However, surgery may not fully eliminate the cause and it will only remove the decompression in the part of the spine operated on. For example, arthritis or spinal stenosis may still progress after surgery.

The Immediate Recovery Process

The surgeon will likely require you to walk and perform movements right after the surgery. These tests will ensure no damage was done to the spinal cord. They may also prescribe pain relief medication during the initial recovery stage.

Take the advice of your surgeon, and slowly and gradually increase your activity levels. Follow-up appointments will help guide you through the recovery phases. Recovery is often 2-6 weeks. Again, it may depend on your condition and the exact type of surgery performed. For example, if a bone fusion was also performed your doctor may recommend a back brace as part of the recovery process, and your recovery may be slightly longer.

You will have to work to keep the incision clean and dry, particularly the first few days after surgery. If swelling or tenderness occurs at the incision site, seek out medical attention immediately. An infection could potentially develop. Your surgeon will outline how to avoid infection following the surgery.

General advice following a laminectomy surgery in Singapore includes:

  • Avoid sitting for long durations.
  • Avoid driving for 2-4 weeks right after surgery. Discuss your options and prognosis with your surgeon.
  • Avoid heavy lifting.
  • Do not bend or twist the torso. This could potentially open the incision and cause other problems.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking may interfere with your body’s ability to heal properly and quickly.
  • Avoid travelling. Car rides or plane rides may increase your risk of developing a blood clot.

Long-term Recovery

Back surgery sounds scary. It is absolutely normal to experience worries or concerns regarding your surgery and recovery. Ask questions beforehand and after the procedure. Our team of surgeons and doctors would be more than happy to address any concerns you may have.

At the 6 week mark, regular activities can often gradually be resumed. Neural pain may subside in about 4-6 weeks. And pain and swelling will decrease over time and eventually, with use.

Following a laminectomy, chiropractic care and physiotherapy may be recommended to help guide the rehabilitation process. Chiropractic treatment can also coincide with physiotherapy treatment, and vice versa.

However, initial healing must take place before you seek out chiropractic or physiotherapy care. The body is fragile after surgery and a certain amount of rest and time must take place before any spinal manipulation is performed. Often, physiotherapy and chiropractic care can begin about 2 weeks post-surgery.

Research has also supported post-surgery chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment. In the case of a laminectomy, patients reported improved function, mobility, and decreased pain with treatment. No adverse or detrimental effects were reported.

What Can I Expect Post-Surgery?

Most experience reduced back pain symptoms. A Laminectomy surgery improves pain in about 70% of patients.

If you follow proper guidelines and instructions, your quality of life may significantly improve post-surgery. A positive attitude and proper care following your surgery can go a long way and can drastically impact your results. However, you may not notice the results straight away. It may take up to 6 weeks to notice any notable difference.

Chiropractic care and physiotherapy can also help restore mobility and reduce incidences of pain during the later stages of your recovery. Your healthcare provider can recommend exercises throughout the recovery process to help you get back to your regular activities and improve your outcome.

Make sure to always follow the direct advice and instructions from your doctor.

For more information regarding laminectomy procedures and post-surgery care, contact us at +65 9734 3087. If you wish to have your back pain assessed, book an appointment. At the Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic, our orthopaedic specialists are ready to help you get back to the activities you know and love. Call us today. Start your journey toward a better life.

Types of Push Up Injuries and Prevention Tips

Trying to get in new exercise routines can be exciting but also dangerous if you’re not sure of the prevention tips you need to keep injury at bay. One of the easiest exercises to do to build your upper body is a push up. However, push up injuries can cause you to be in a lot of pain and reduce the exercise routine you’re wanting to do. It can also stop your progress if you’re having to recuperate. Here are a few of the common injuries seen with this type of exercise and also some push up injury prevention tips you can use to protect yourself.

Common Push Up Injuries

When you’re doing a push up there are a few places you can typically experience injury and pain if not done properly. One of those places is in your wrist. If you have a previous injury or your wrists are not strong enough, you can experience pain and discomfort in the wrist area.

Other areas that can be injured during your push up exercises include the rotator cuff in your shoulder, chest injuries, injuries to your back and elbows as well.

Prevention Tips

Doing a push up properly will help you to prevent any injury during the popular exercise. Make sure that your position and method of doing the specific exercise is correct. Incorrect positioning of your hands, shoulders, and elbows are key factors in push up injuries. When you’re not positioned correctly, you can end up in a lot of pain and have to restrict your exercise routine.

You must also make sure your back is aligned properly during the exercise itself. If you let your body hang to low when pushing up, you can strain your lower back area. Keeping your back straight and aligned over top of your arms will help to prevent that.

Make sure that your hand positioning is not turned out or in and that you are not spread too far apart with your arms. This can cause injury to your wrists and elbows, and possibly your shoulders if not done correctly.

Be sure that when you’re doing push ups that you are performing them in slow steady motions. You do not want to jerk back up and down as this can cause push up injuries as well. Be sure that you’re keeping the proper positioning and keeping your movements smooth and steady.

Push up injuries can be quite often and can take you down for several weeks if you’re not careful. Be sure to follow these push up injury prevention tips above to keep your exercise routine moving forward.

Types of Lower Back Pain (Lumbago)

Back pain is something that no one wants to deal with; however, many people deal with it daily. Lower back pain can be caused by a variety of different scenarios ranging from a pulled muscle to something more involved such as a slipped disc or degenerative disc disease. Understanding low back pain, or lumbago as it is sometimes called, is easier to do when you know what you’re dealing with. Check out the different types of lower back pain and what they are caused by. Learning the signs and symptoms may help you to find a diagnosis quicker rather than later.

Sciatica Back Pain

Many people suffer from this type of pain where the sciatic nerve is being compressed. It causes pain in the lower back that shoots down the leg when the area is aggravated. It can cause shooting pain when you try to stand up or change positions, is worse when sitting down, and can cause weakness in your leg or foot of the affected nerve. This lower back pain needs to be seen by a doctor as if it is left untreated, it can cause permanent nerve damage.

Nighttime Back Pain

If you’re able to get relief when you lay down from the pain you’re dealing with during the day, most times you can start to heal. Rest is needed and is very crucial for the body’s healing process. However, if you’re dealing with nighttime back pain, laying down to rest can make the pain worse. Lower back pain when you lay down can be caused by things such as arthritis, kidney stones, spinal disease, or degeneration of the spine. Because you cannot rest when you lay down with nighttime pain, you should consider seeing your doctor sooner rather than later. As mentioned, rest is crucial to the healing process and pain when you try to rest could be a sign of a more serious lumbago pain.

Low Back Strain

You can strain your lower back region by doing a variety of things such as sitting in one position for too long, moving heavy objects, or physically exerting yourself over your limits. With a strain in your lower back you may feel things such as stiffness in your back when trying to move about, pain in the thighs or buttocks, and even pain that gets worse whenever you cough or try to bend over. If so, you should consult your doctor as this can be a simple strain or signs of a worse condition.

Lower back pain is not something to just push to the side. If you’re dealing with lumbago, lower back pain, it is best to consult your doctor to rule out anything serious and prevent irreversible nerve damage. You can also learn more about the professional treatment options for back pain here.

What is Piriformis Syndrome? – Symptoms and Treatment

When you’re suffering from pain in the buttocks or lower back pain, you may be on the journey to find out the source of the pain. There are many different aspects that could be causing your pain and symptoms including injury, bruising, bursitis or piriformis syndrome. There could be other causes as well but discovering what piriformis syndrome is can sometimes alleviate all your lower back pain problems.

What is Piriformis Syndrome?

This problem is not too common but can cause pain in the buttocks, lower back, and it can radiate down the leg and into the feet. This problem is typically caused by some sort of compression on the sciatic nerve or a contraction of the piriformis muscle itself. This contraction can cause the nerve to be compressed and it can be quite painful to deal with pain in this area.

This can be caused by trauma to your back or piriformis muscle itself, overuse of the area, and sometimes a pinched nerve can be irritated and can cause the contractions which will make the pain more intense.

Symptoms to Look For

If you’re wondering if your lower back pain is stemming from the piriformis muscle, here are a few symptoms to look for:

  • Tingling or numbness
  • Pain becomes more severe when you try to do certain things such as climbing stairs, stretching your legs out straight, or walking can sometimes cause the pain to worsen
  • The pain can radiate from the back down to your foot

 

Treatment for Piriformis Syndrome

A variety of treatment options are available to help you deal with this intense pain that piriformis syndrome can cause.  Some find that doing stretches to help the muscle relax and stretch out can offer great relief from the pain. Some exercises such as Yoga positions can also help to relieve the muscle contraction and work the muscle loose. Some treatment methods include physical therapy or massage can help to relieve that muscle cramping and contraction.

The use of NSAID’s can also be helpful in reducing inflammation and pain in this case. Injection therapy has also been used and in very rare cases, surgery is needed to help relieve the pain and the pressure placed on the nerves.

If you’re suffering from this type of lower back pain it can cause you to miss out on so many things. You can do some stretches and exercises at home, coupled with a lot of rest to help the muscle relax and release the contractions. It’s very important that if you suffer from this syndrome that you keep stretched and be sure to not do any activities that could aggravate the problem.

3 Common Injuries From Weight Lifting

Everyone wants to be healthier and stronger. One way to do that is with a healthy diet plan and exercise, combining both cardio and strength training. While strength training is a great method of toning and getting stronger, there are some very common weight lifting injuries that you should be aware of before getting started. They range from shoulder injuries to knee and back injuries. Learning what they are and how to avoid them to be safe when lifting is key in making the type of progress you wish to make.

Shoulder Injuries

When you are performing such tasks as overhead lifting like bench presses or shoulder press, you can run into an injury called shoulder impingement. This injury is when you have inflammation and swelling in the rotator cuff area. At first you may only notice pain in the shoulder when you’re lifting your arms, but eventually the pain can be felt no matter what you’re doing as it progresses. If you’re not cautious, then this shoulder impingement injury can also lead to a tear in the rotator cuff itself.

Back Injuries

Lifting heavy weights with your back instead of your legs can result in serious back strains or sprains. If you’re lifting with your back, you may also experience a herniated disc which is quite painful. Sprains are typically caused by acute injuries or trauma to the back making the ligaments stretch to far or even tear. Strains typically affect the muscles instead of the ligaments in the back. Most of these weight lifting injuries can be treated with medication and relaxation. The herniated disc however may require physical therapy or even surgery to correct the problem.

Knee Injuries

Remember to also protect your knees as you’re lifting weights. The knee joint or patellar tendon can be injured by repetitive squatting motions, deep knee bends, and extension of the knee.  As you are bending and squatting during your weight lifting, the tendon can start to get tiny tears in it. Then you may start to feel pain below the kneecap. It is important that you keep an eye on this and get treatment as soon as you can. Some cases are helped with patellar tendon strap or physical therapy. In extreme cases, surgery may be needed to repair the knee.

Lifting weights is a great way to get your body into shape and to help you feel and be stronger. While you’re lifting, it’s very important that you take the necessary safety steps and precautions to prevent yourself from having any weight lifting injuries.

Stiff Back – Cause & Relief

Stiffness and pain could occur in the upper back or lower back caused by tension in the muscle tissue. Due to the shortening of muscles, the range of motion is restricted and pain is felt from the muscle spasms and contracture. However, not all back pain and stiffness are caused by tensed muscles. More severe cases could have root problems in the joints, spinal discs and nerves that may require surgery. For mild to moderate stiff back problems, non-surgical methods are sufficient to relief the symptoms.

Causes

Tensed muscles could be caused by trauma, overuse or poor posture. Sharp trauma from a bad fall or an accident can result in an acute muscle strain, as experienced with pain, inflammation and muscle spasms.

An overuse injury is caused by repetitive stresses over time, very often due to sports-related activities. The back is strained from the pressure of the strenuous training or often carrying heavy items, leading to muscle fatigue.

Poor posture is a common but often overlooked cause of stiff back and neck pain. Hunching of shoulders and leaning toward the computer lead to an imbalance strain of muscles. Some muscles are overworked to compensate for muscles not used to support the position. With long periods of time, the constant stress results in pain and stiffness.

Relief

If it is a muscular issue, there are some exercises and tips you can practice every day to relief the symptoms and avoid further strain. Severe cases should however, avoid the exercises unless advised by a doctor or therapist.

The Cobra Stretch:

This basic yoga pose helps to stretch and elongate tensed back muscles. Lie face down and place your palms beneath your shoulders. Keep toes inverted flat and pointing straight, with your stomach tucked in to support your lower back. Then lift your upper body off the floor with your arms and tilt your head back.

Shoulder Rotation:

When doing the shoulder rotation, keep your elbows straight in perpendicular to your body and bring them back aligned to your shoulders. At all times, straighten your back and do the exercise slowly.

Take Short Breaks Regularly:

We tend to sit for the most part of the day and with the sedentary, the muscles stiffen up from the lack of movement. Get up and take a short walk or simply just stretch every 1 to 2 hours of sitting. Make sure that you maintain the correct sitting posture, with your back straight, legs on the floor and head aligned with your shoulders.

Chronic Back Pain: Top 5 Common Misconceptions

Chronic back pain is a condition that many people go through but too often overlooked or treated with wrong methods because of common misconceptions. Like other similar medical conditions, chronic back pain should be diagnosed and can be treated and managed, as long as these mistaken beliefs are out of the way.

1) Resting in bed helps to recover from back pain.

While resting in bed for 1 to 2 days is recommended to reduce stress on the discs of the spine and lessen the pain, any longer than that would backfire on the recovery. Long hours in bed would cause an increase in pain, muscle atrophy, loss in bone mineral and a higher risk of blood clots forming due to the lack of movement.

Contrary to popular beliefs, patients with chronic back pain should not rest for too long. On the other hand, doing back exercises regularly would strengthen the muscles and speed up recovery.

2) Only painkillers can help to relief pain.

Painkillers may be prescribed to help manage the pain for daily activities. However, without proper treatment, the condition does not get better. Physical therapy like ultrasound treatment and electrotherapy can help to reduce the inflammation and joint mobilization helps to decrease tension in the muscles. Other pain management methods include having a healthy diet, a better sleep routine and exercising.

3) The pain would go away with heat and back massage.

Heat and massage would help to manage pain for the short-term. But for chronic pain, the soothing effect wears off and the pain would be just as bad as before. This method is good if you just need a quick alleviation from acute pain. However, the condition would not get any better without appropriate treatment advised by the doctor.

4) Chronic back pain is a natural occurrence of aging.

Many people live with chronic back pain undiagnosed and untreated, thinking that the symptoms are due to aging. Back pain can happen to people of any age, with or without injury. In fact, those that go through chronic back pain at a younger age tend to feel less pain when they get older with proper treatment and exercise. Even though disc degeneration occurs between ages 35 and 55, it does not necessarily come with pain. Never ignore any kind of pain or discomfort and always get it checked.

5) If I have chronic back pain, I should not exercise.

Exercising helps strengthen the back muscles, giving a stronger support for the spine. Though vigorous exercises that add pressure on the back should be avoided, regular light exercises are good for long-term recovery.

4 Major Health Complications from Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a medical condition that will lead to a gradual decrease in bone density and eventual loss of the skeleton’s ability to bear the weight of the body. This is a major cause for fractures and women are at a higher risk due to their already lower bone density and the ability to breast feed. Our bone mass peaks by 30 years of age and it will start to decline after that. Without sufficient calcium intake, it will get worse. Osteoporosis is also known as the silent disease as the symptoms come without any knowing.

Fractures

Previously, any slight falls or knocks will not cause any fractures in your body. However, someone with osteoporosis will find that even the slightest knock can result in fractures with the most common being hip fractures. A patient suffering from osteoporosis will have his bone structure similar to honeycombs with all the voids in between. With such poor mechanical strength, it cannot function well as is prone to cracking.

Pain

Fractures will lead to pain and these can cause a lot of discomfort to your daily lifestyle. If the fracture is affecting the spine, it can lead to spinal compression or Kyphosis. Kyphosis is extremely painful and it is similar to backaches, only that it is amplified when movements are attempted. Even the simplest action of bending down to retrieve something can cause severe sharp pain.

 Loss of mobility

Osteoporosis can also lead to loss of mobility. With stiff and weak bones, even the slightest bit of action can result in small fractures. Pain will also result in the reluctance to perform any motion and will lead to an eventual desire to not move. Joints that are immobile for long periods of time will get stiff and eventually, the mobility will be lost.

 Emotional

Complications of osteoporosis are not simply physical; they can be mental and emotional as well. Patients who are suffering from osteoporosis feel that they are useless and this will lead to an eventual depression. With a negative outlook on life, it can negatively influence their friends.

Osteoporosis is a disease that does not have any prior symptoms. There are however many preventive steps that can be taken to prevent osteoporosis and those include consumption of calcium, vitamin D and exercising regularly. A proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle is the natural enemy of osteoporosis!