5 exercises after a spine surgery

Spinal surgery is a major surgery and post rehabilitation is extremely important in getting patients back to full health quickly. The ability to return back to post surgery status depends not only on how successful the surgery is but also the rehabilitative program that the doctor has set.
Exercise is extremely important to recovery after surgery. Exercise will help to get rid of fatigue and aid in a smooth transition back to daily activities. Exercise also helps to decrease further back pain. One excellent low impact exercise is walking.

Walking

Walking causes almost no spinal irritation and helps to align the vertebral column after surgery. Walking also helps speed up the healing process as nutrients can reach the injured tissues to help with repair.

Water activities

Water activities such as water aerobics are good post surgery rehabilitation exercises that are low impact, yet allow a full body workout. The water will support the body weight making it feel like a low gravity setting. As a result, the compressive forces in the spinal columns are significantly reduced, allowing for a better recovery.

Stability Stretching

After surgery, the soft tissues will take roughly 2 to 3 weeks to heal. Once the soft tissues are fully healed, stretching exercises should be done a few times daily to regain a full range of motion. Bear in mind that stretching should only start after your physiotherapist has given the all clear. Due to surgery, the back muscles have lost the ability to stabilize due to a lack of motion. As such, daily stability stretching exercises should be done until the back has fully regained the ability to be stable.

Yoga

Yoga strengthens the core muscles and helps to gain flexibility, range of motion and coordination skills. Yoga also requires flexing and twisting of the body so medical advice should be sought before commencing it.

Exercise bike

An exercise bike provides a whole body workout with low impact on the spine. Make sure that the seat is aligned in a way that you do not need to bend over your back. Start off with low resistance until you are able to gain more strength. As time pass, slowly increase the resistance to build up muscles.

The recovery is as important as the surgery itself. A lengthy recovery time is required following spinal surgery to avoid any complications and further aggravation of the spine. Back rehabilitation exercises are able to help gain strength and regain range of motion which is very important following surgery.

3 Types of Back Pain

Before seeking for medical treatment on your back pain issues, it is good to understand and define the types of back pain you are experiencing so as to find the right treatment or ways to control your condition.

Here are the types of back pain that has been separated into 3 catergories:

1) Acute pain

One of the most common type of back pain is acute pain. Such acute pains are usually related to tissue damage and can potentially last for about 3 to 6 months. You are likely to experience a cutting sensation on your back or needle pricking sensation while suffering acute back pains.

As the condition gets worst, the pain can be as bad as touching your skin on a hot stove or iron. The sensation occurs in a fast, immediate, intense manner, which will cause a withdrawal syndrome at the area that was in pain.

Another acute pain sensation would feel like as if a hammer was smashing on one’s finger. Such sensation gives you the immediate pain and withdrawal syndrome.

The last acute pain will give you a sensation that is similar to Labor pains.

2) Chronic pain

There are at least two different types of chronic pain problems for back pain issues as follow:

Chronic pain due to an identifiable pain generator

This type of chronic pain is due to a clearly diagnosed and identified. Certain structural spine conditions may cause pain for a long term until it is medically treated. These conditions are due to a diagnosable anatomical problem.

If the pain has yet to subside after a few weeks or months of conservative non-operative treatments, then spine surgery may need to be one of your treatment options.

Chronic pain with no identifiable pain generator

This type of pain continues beyond the point of tissue healing and usually, unidentifiable.

Such chronic pain in the nervous system may send pain signals even when there isn’t any continuous tissue damage.

Chronic pain is generally used to describe pain that is ongoing for around three to six months, or tissues have reached a point that they are unable to heal. Chronic pain is usually identified as back pains without an obvious cause or reason. Failed back surgery and fibromyalgia could also be one of the chronic pain.

Chronic pain is influenced by depression and anxiety, and even the thoughts of one when it comes to pain. Lack of exercises and ongoing pain signal input to the nervous system could also affect a person even without tissue damage.

3) Neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain usually shown symptoms that are not related to the condition or injury of one. This type of neuropathic pain causes nerves to send pain signals to the brain even when there is no ongoing tissue damage.Neuropathic pain is unlike pain that is caused by an underlying injury. Usually when one does not fully understand the condition of neuropathic pain, they believe that injury to the sensory or motor nerves in the peripheral nervous system can potentially cause neuropathy.

Neuropathic pain has a hint of musculoskeletal nature and a combination of the usual pain sensation as mentioned above.However, Neuropathic pain feels different compared to usual musculoskeletal pain and is often described as severe, sharp, piercing, stabbing, burning, cold, and numbness, tingling or weakness. This sensation will travel along the nerve path from the spine down to the arms and hands or legs and feet. It’s important to understand the symptoms of neuropathic pain so that you will seek the correct treatment.

4 Benefits & Risks for Back Pain Surgery

Back pain is certainly one of the most terrible injuries you can have. Research shows that back pain is the most frequent cause of activity limitation in people younger than 45 years old. There are many different causes why one gets back pain. Some of the pain might be an acute while the others are long-term pain.

Treatment of long-term back pains ranges from simple exercises at home to surgery by specialize orthopedics. Surgeries can be quite complicated and it should only be done when there is unbearable pain that causes instability in movement, or nerve problems that causes inability to control the bladder.  However, back surgery does have its benefits too.

Firstly, back surgery will decrease the time needed for recovery. The normal recovery time for the common procedures have been shortened due to advancement in technology. The speed in which for your recovery is dependent on numerous factors such as your age, your illness condition and your physical health. The average time for recovery after a surgery is approximately eight to eleven weeks.

Secondly, back surgery will improve your lifestyle after the operation. The improvement in your lifestyle is certainly another key benefit in which one would decide if they should opt in for surgery. During a back fracture, it is necessary for one to go through a back surgery so that the fractured bones can be healed.

Besides the benefits of performing a back surgery, there are certain risks involved in going through the surgery. These risks should be carefully thought of and discussed with your doctor should you proceed on with the surgery.

The first risk is that, there is a possibility that your injury will become worse after the surgery.  Sometimes surgery might cause deformity to the areas that was operated.  There might also be the possibility where by your pain may gets worsened or the loss of use of a limb.

The second risk occurs when the surgery does not work on you. This is because some types of back pain cannot be healed through operation. So it is pointless if you undergo a surgery to cure a back pain that does not heal it.

It is essential that you would consult your doctor first before making a choice to go for a back surgery. Even though there are benefits to perform operation on your back due to the excruciating pain, but it is advisable to consult a doctor first before making any decisions.