Physiotherapy (Orthopedic Physical Therapy)

In Singapore and much of the world, the terms physiotherapy and physical therapy are used interchangeably.

This branch of physical therapy focuses on the problems from the musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, ligaments or tendons) and is used in hospitals and specialist clinics. Physiotherapy in this area deals with diagnosing, managing and treating injuries and problems from the muscular and skeletal methods and rehabilitating right after orthopedic operations, as well.

In Singapore, orthopedic therapy workers function particularly in treating postoperative joints, acute injuries due to sporting activities, arthritis and amputations. Some forms of the techniques and approaches involved in orthopedic physical therapy to make recovery faster are strength training, hot/cold packs, joint mobilizations and electrical stimulation. An additional procedure recently utilized is the sonogram, particularly in remedies like muscle retraining.

Orthopedic physical therapy is essential to restore the patient’s’ activity, strength and motion right after injuries or surgery. Its importance is two folded. On the 1 hand, orthopedic patients typically have deficiencies and weaknesses which could be eliminated or at least alleviated via particular targeted workouts and only a specialized physical therapist can show the patient and teach him/her the appropriate workouts designed to restore and enhance functions or, at least minimize the problems.

Below are essential things therapists can do in orthopedic physical therapy and there are lots of rehabilitation tools that they have on hand. Among these we ought to mention: stretching, strengthening (closed chain, proprioceptive, etc), ice and heat therapy, ultrasound, etc. Stretching is critical if a patient has stiff joint, which can affect normal activities severely. Proper stretching exercise can assist preserve such functions. To aid a patient in improving the function of his/her muscles, increasing endurance and maintaining or improving the range of motions strengthening workouts are utilized. Closed chain workouts are meant to assist balance the strength of muscles whereas proprioceptive workouts assist patients who lost the sense of knowing where a body part is in space due to a sprain for example, learn again how to control the position from the respective injured joint.

The ice and heat therapy warm up and cool off muscles and contribute to the stimulation of blood circulation and assist decrease swellings, as well. By utilizing an ultrasound probe, deep tissues are stimulated and warmed while the blood flow will improve. Even though you can find numerous orthopedic problems that could be solved without physiotherapy, yet quite frequently really easy workouts might assist expedite the healing procedure, not to mention the complicated situations in which a physical therapist particularly trained for, is really a must.

Orthopedic Physiotherapy Rehabilitation

Orthopedic Rehabilitation or physiotherapy can help with many different problems including:

  • Pre and Post Surgical Care of all Orthopedic Conditions
  • Balance/Vertigo Rehabilitation
  • Postural Training
  • Arthritis Management
  • Back/Neck Rehabilitation
  • Joint Pain Management
  • Headache Management
  • Manual Therapy/McKenzie Treatment
  • Spinal Stabilization
  • Muscle and Ligament Strains and Sprains
  • Myofascial Release
  • Auto Accident Injuries
  • Work Injuries

The length and severity of the treatment varies greatly based on many factors. For more information, make your first appointment today!

Basic Orthopedic Physical Therapy Assessment

The need and assessment on what type of therapy to perform is based on the following factors:

  • Patient history
  • Observation
  • Examination of movement
  • Special tests
  • Reflexes and cutaneous distribution
  • Joint play movements
  • Palpation
  • Diagnostic imaging

Do You Need Physiotherapy?

While it is always more advisable for a certified physician to decide your needs, you should still set an appointment if you experience any of these symptoms:

Loss of balance and coordination

This may occur dues to a variety of reasons like vertigo but if this is a problem for you, physiotherapy can retrain your body to maintain balance during daily activities.

Stubborn Pain

Back or neck pains don’t usually last a long time, but they do happen on and off which may discourage some people from seeking help as they think everything will be fine. However, there are severe risks of further injury should the condition remain untreated.

Recurring Injuries

If you keep suffering from pain in the same area or have an old injury that just won’t heal, seek help. Addressing the pain not only helps you with feeling better but prevents more serious issues from cropping up.

Disturbed Sleep

This is a common symptom of patients with lower back pain which can keep them awake at night and prevent good rest.

Neurological Issues

Especially for victims of stroke, physiotherapy is greatly useful for developing training techniques to maintain mobility. Often when the brain or nerves systems are compromised, patients will have to retrain themselves to walk.

If you suffer from any of these symptoms do not hesitate to make an appointment. As the old adage goes, prevention is better than cure! Take the rights steps now to avoid greater physical danger!