4 Symptoms You Might Be Suffering From a Fracture

Fractures or broken bones results when the impact force is too high for the bone to withstand, causing it to crack. Fractures are straight forward injuries and it is a serious one. Our bones are structurally rigid and it is reinforced by connective tissues and calcium. Bone fractures come in different forms and severity that is dependent on the direction of the force and the extent of it as well as the patient’s age and health. There are some parts of the body that are prone to fractures and they are the areas that are frequently used and commonly occur as sports injuries. Some examples are the wrists, ankles and hip. Fractures can be either open or closed, with an open fracture being the bone being exposed through the skin while for the closed fracture, the skin is intact.

Bone fracture symptoms vary according to the area of injury as well as the severity. Some of them include:

Pain and Swelling

Pain and swelling occurs due to edema of the underlying soft tissues which are caused by the bleeding of periosteal blood vessels, causing immense pressure on the tissues. Although there are no nerves in the bones, the impact force and sometimes fragments can cause the immune system to act to destroy these “foreign materials”, causing swelling and inflammation to occur.

Bruising

Bruising occurs when injuries to the blood vessels occur, damaging or even breaking them due to impact forces. The tiny bump commonly seen due to bruising are due to a combination of blood leaking out from these injured blood vessels as well as the immune system’s response to the injury.

Deformity

Deformity of the injured region may occur after fracture. For example, if the shoulder is fractured, the broken bone may move out of position, making the shoulder joint look like a deformed part of the body. Very often, bone fragments can be seen sticking out and this can often be either an open or closed fracture.

Unable to use the limb.

The limb that is fractured will lose most of its capability to do even simple things like lifting up or moving around. This is due to the bones that are not connected together anymore, causing the joint to malfunction completely.
Fractures are serious medical conditions and at all times you should try to apply a cold pack to the injured region and try not to move the patient around. Immediately seek medical help and when possible, remove all clothing from the injured area.

Things to Know About Meniscus Repair

The function of the meniscus is to provide stability and act as a cushion for our knee joint. It helps to ensure that weight distribution is spread out evenly throughout the knee joint and prevent any joint problems like arthritis. However, injury to the meniscus is extremely common among people below the age of 25 years who are active in sports. Once a diagnosis of a torn meniscus is made, a decision needs to be made fast regarding the treatment. Usually, the doctor will suggest the treatment he thinks is most suited for you depending on your age, level of activeness and extent of injury.

How is the surgery performed?

One of the first few questions will be how is the surgery conducted. With advances in medical technology, meniscus repair can and will be done through a minimal invasion technique called arthroscopy. More common, suturing will be done to rejoin the torn parts of the meniscus with each other in order to regain function.

What is the success rate?

Success rate of meniscus repair is not 100%. It is mostly dependent on the exact location of the meniscus tear as well as post-surgery therapy. Firstly, if the meniscus is torn at the centre part of the cartilage, surgery will not be able to help at all in healing the meniscus. However, it may help to prevent arthritis in the later part of your life. Secondly, even if the surgery is a success, the post-surgery therapy plays an important role too. A proper structured and disciplined post-surgery therapy must be carried out in order to strengthen and regain the full function of the meniscus.

How is the post-surgery recovery like?

After operation, using of crutches can be from 3 to 14 days depending on the comfort of the patients, and some may prefer not to use crutches at all. Physiotherapy after the surgery will be helpful as well, in accordance to the progress. Any exercises that places tremendous stress onto your meniscus will be strictly disallowed. Examples of these exercises include running, jogging, skipping and squatting. A proper recovery plan will be planned by your physical therapist and you will need to adhere to it strictly as any deviation from it will disrupt the proper recovery procedure and may even require a second surgery.

What are the risks from meniscus repair surgery?

Meniscus repair is a low risk surgery but some there are still some risk associated with it. Infection may occur due to complications during the surgery or from existing personal problems such as diabetes. Since meniscus repair is done through arthroscopy, there is a risk of damage to the surrounding nerves and tissues. As much, you should always look for a reliable and skilled surgeon.

The role of the meniscus is important for our body and it is recommended to undergo meniscus repair surgery if you tear your meniscus. However, if you are not looking to lead an active lifestyle anymore, you may go for physical therapy to strengthen your muscles to compensate for the meniscus tear.

Introduction to Various Shoulder Injuries

Our shoulder is a very delicate and complex component of our body that is kept together by bones, tendons and muscles. A shoulder injury is very painful and can cause a lot of discomfort and inconvenience to us. There are many different kinds of shoulder injuries and they are caused by different reasons such as strain, cyclic motion and injuries.

Rotator cuff strain

Rotator cuff strain is a common injury which is due to an inflammation of a tendon located in the shoulder. 4 muscles make up the rotator cuff namely the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis. The most common reason for a rotator cuff strain is because of insufficient warm up prior to the start of an activity or overload of the muscles. Poor posture and accidentally falls causing you to land on your shoulders can also cause rotator cuff strain. A strain can slowly evolve into a tear if it is left untreated. For immediate treatment, RICE is sufficient. If symptoms get worse, consult a doctor immediately.

Dislocation

Our shoulder joint is an unstable joint due to the functions of it. The shoulder joint can be described as a ball and socket joint and the ball is the arm bone and the socket is the shoulder blade. It is the part of our body which has the most motion compared to all other joints. It is because of this fact that causes instability to the area. Instability can get worse when the ligaments are overstretched and are unable to hold the ball and socket firmly in place. Dislocation of the shoulder joint can occur due to injuries or trauma, causing the ball to go out of the socket.

Impingement

Impingement of the shoulder joint occurs when the supraspinatus, bicep tendons, bursa and subacromial are compressed over time, causing inflammation. It is due to repeated overhead usage of the shoulder joints. Activities which causes these include swimming and overhead press. To prevent impingement, you should allow adequate rest period between activities and strengthening of the rotator cuff muscles to allow it to take more load.

Tendonitis

Our muscles are connected to the bones through connective tissues called tendons and tendonitis is an inflammation of these tendons. The tendons that are most susceptible are the biceps tendons as well as the rotator cuff muscles. Tendonitis are usually caused by overuse, pulling or over-compression of the tendons, causing pain, tenderness and discomfort. To prevent tendonitis, ensure that proper warm up of the whole body is done and add on weights gradually to allow the body to adapt to it.

Above are 4 shoulder injuries that are frequently experienced by people. Our shoulder is an integral part of our daily life and any injuries to it will cause great discomfort and inconvenience our lives. They can be easily reduced by doing proper stretching, gradually load up and sufficient rest periods between activities.

Possible Sports Injuries From Full Contact Martial Arts

Many people around the world participate in martial arts. There are 3 types of martial arts namely the light, medium and full contact martial arts and as the names suggest, each differs in the amount of body contact involved. Martial arts have many benefits to it, most prominently are the health benefits as well as the coordination between various parts of the body, body balance and flexibility. However, as with all kinds of full contact sports, there are injuries that are associated with it.

Facial Laceration

Facial lacerations are the most common injuries sustained from full contact martial arts. They account for nearly 50% of all injuries in martial arts. Martial arts is all about predicting what your opponent will do next and if you fail to react accordingly, it can cause trauma to parts of your body, commonly the face. The result of a full blown kick to the face can cause facial laceration.

Knee Tendinitis

During martial arts, tremendous stress is placed upon both of the knees and kicking is required throughout the whole session. As such, it can cause hypertension of the knee joint which will result to tendinitis. It can create strain to the back of the knees, patellar tendons and patella, causing pain and discomfort in players.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are also a common injury in martial arts due to the nature of uneven surfaces that the event take place. Most venues will place gym mattresses or other soft cushioning materials to absorb the impact of players. However, these soft and uneven surfaces can lead to improper weight distribution when kicking, causing sprains in the ankles.

Kneecap Dislocation

Kneecap dislocation is a serious injury that happens when the patella is shifted out of alignment with the knee. It is often caused by improper leg alignment or sudden kneeling motion, causing a sudden trauma to the knee.

Plantar Fasciitis

Whenever our feet is in use, the connective tissue or plantar fascia which supports the arch of our foot will tighten and stretch. However, it is prone to overuse if the incorrect footwear is worn. It is especially common in people with flat feet and who do not use the correct footwear with the correct support.

Martial arts have a low risk of injury as compared to other full contact sports such as rugby. Most of the injuries that are suffered are often minor such as bruises. However, more serious injuries can happen either due to trauma or due to improper usage of protective equipment or total lack of them. Upon injury, for personal well-being, it is highly recommended to pursue professional diagnosis for the injury. It should be regardless of perceived severity as most injuries do not reveal the actual impact until years later or when there is severe pain. If the martial artist is serious about his practice, then all injuries should be treated at earliest time possible.

Difference Between Chiropractor and Orthopaedic Doctors

An unfortunate accident occurred one day while you were playing contact sports and that left you with a knee injury. You know that you need to consult a medical professional for this injury and you start to evaluate the options available. Should you go to an Orthopaedic doctor or should you go to a Chiropractor? Each has its own advantages. For some cases, chiropractic sports are great to treat certain injuries while some injuries fall outside the jurisdiction of chiropractic and only orthopaedic surgery can treat them.

Who are Chiropractors and how do they treat an injury? First of all, Chiropractors are not medical doctors and they do not prescribe medications. Chiropractors believe in hands on and alternative treatment instead of surgery. They believe that the body is able to heal on its own. For example, if mobility to a certain part of the body is observed, they will manipulate that particular part to regain mobility. A visit to a Chiropractor usually cost a lot lesser than a visit to an Orthopaedic doctor. Some chiropractors even make the first consultation complimentary. Not only that, you are also able to fix an appointment at an earlier date as compared to an appointment with an Orthopaedic doctor. However, multiple visits to Chiropractors are required to be able to see results and in the long term, it may cost more than a visit to the latter.

Orthopaedic doctors on the other hand are medical doctors. They specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of our musculoskeletal system. Many people have the idea that orthopaedic doctors are doctors who will recommend surgery for everything, from a torn meniscus to a dislocated bone. This is not true. Orthopaedic doctors will often only recommend surgery when all other available options are exhausted. If the injury can be treated with physical therapy, they will recommend that unless patients insist on surgery in the first place. Orthopaedic doctors will make use of medical technologies such as X-Rays and MRI scans to tell the patient what exactly is wrong with their body. They are also able to prescribe pain relief medications be it orally or via injections, something that Chiropractors are not able to.

Deciding on a visit either to a Chiropractor or an Orthopaedic doctor is purely the decision of the patient. As a patient, you need to know what type of injury you have suffered and make your decision based on that. Different people prefer different things and be sure to know what results you really want.

Stiff Neck – Cause And Relief!

Have you ever woke up to a stiff neck before? That uncomfortable and tight feeling that makes movement almost impossible and causing you a lot of discomfort throughout the entire day. Stiff neck are frequently experienced by many and it will usually go away by itself after a few days. You may rest assure that stiff neck is not an indication of any serious problems with your neck. So what are some of the causes of stiff neck and what measures can you take to relief it?

Causes:

Injury

Injuries are one of the most common reasons that one will experience stiff neck. A sudden jerking movement at the neck region can injure the muscles and ligaments, causing injury and subsequent pain and stiffness. Injuries can be caused by sports, accidental falls or even a car accident.

Stress

Our body response to stress is the natural tensing of our muscles. If you did not suffer any injuries recently and is experiencing stiff neck, it could be an indication that you are under tremendous stress. It’s time to take things easy and relax.

Muscle spasm

Muscle spasm are due to the signalling of certain messages from our nerves to the muscles which will result in them involuntary contracting, causing stiff neck.

Improper sleeping posture

Improper sleeping posture is probably the most common reason for stiff neck. Our body is in a relaxed state when we are asleep and an improper sleeping posture can cause the pulling of the neck muscles without us being aware of it. Only when we finally wake up do we realise it and it is often too late.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that targets the joints, especially those in the neck. It will result in neck pain and stiffness.

Meningitis

Meningitis is a very serious inflection of the fluid that surrounds our brain and spinal cord and if you suffer from neck pain and stiffness and they are not caused by the factors listed above, you should consult a doctor immediately as a stiff neck is a common symptom of meningitis.

Treatment:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and paracetamol can help to relief the pain associated with neck stiffness.

Ice or Heat pack

Using either an ice pack or a heat pack can help to relief the pain. Ice pack will help to bring down the swelling and reduce inflammation while a heat pack will help to expand the muscles, allowing them to relax and reduce the stiffness, bringing relief to you.

Proper neck support pillow

A proper neck support pillow is slightly more expensive compared to normal ones but they ensure that your neck is properly rested and aligned when you sleep, reducing the chances of you suffering from stiff neck due to improper posture.

Above are some of the common causes of neck pain and stiffness and some ways that can help to relief them. Neck pain and stiffness will cause us a lot of discomfort and make us look funny in front of others so take care of it.

Common running injuries

Running is an excellent cardiovascular exercise that has good effects on the body. It helps to improve stamina and burn off calories to keep the body in a lean manner. It also increases the good cholesterol level in the body and boost our immune system. However, running is a high impact sport and it is not meant for everyone. Because of their high impact nature, they can cause injuries to the ankles, knees, hip and even the spine. To take advantage of running and not like running take advantage of you, you need to be aware of the common injuries due to running and how are they caused so that you can take the necessary precautions and not fall victim to them.

Runner’s Knee

Patellofemoral pain syndrome or otherwise commonly known as runner’s knee is caused by the irritation of the knee cartilage at the kneecap. It contributes roughly 45% to the overall injuries caused by running. As the duration and intensity of your running increases, the pain will intensify. It is usually caused by using running shoes that are of inferior quality or not meant for running so that the supports are insufficient. The running surface also matters and an uneven one will increase the risk. Insufficient recovery period in between runs also contributes to runner’s knee.

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a result of inflammation of the tissue located at the bottom of the foot which connects our heel bone to our toes. Runners who have tight achilles tendons are at a higher risk of suffering from this injury. Wearing running shoes with poor support, long distance runners and flat feet runners also have an increased risk. Runners who suffer from plantar fasciitis will have weak and swollen feet and will have difficulty walking around.

Shin splints

Medial tibial stress syndrome or commonly known as shin splints results in sharp pain in the shin area due to inflammation of the tibia. It is normally caused by strenuous activities such as tennis and running. The pain will occur on and off for activities such as tennis and they can also stay throughout the activity such as a long distance run and will eventually result in the runner stopping the run due to the excruciating pain. Running on uneven roads and improper footwear with insufficient support will increase the risk of shin splints.

Above are 3 common running injuries. If you have noticed, all are caused by running on uneven surfaces with improper footwear that provides inadequate support for the foot. If you are having existing problems, the best bet would be to run on a treadmill which provides a constant flat surface. If you wish to run in a natural environment, invest some money in a good pair of running shoes and your feet will thank you for that. After all, spending a hundred dollars on a pair of good running shoes is cheaper than having to spent thousands on your medical bills in the future.

Top 4 signs that you need orthopaedic treatment for your injury

Many of us experience pain daily in our lives such as pain in our joints and back. We often simply accept it as part of aging and simply take painkillers or stop doing activities which we love. While it is a fact, we should not accept it without any professional medical help. Orthopaedic surgeons treat conditions relating to our musculoskeletal system which covers the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Depending on the severity of the injury, either surgical or non surgical means can be administered. Many people do not realise that they require the expertise of an orthopaedic surgeon and they are often referred to one by their general practitioner.

There are many reasons and causes for a patient to consult an orthopaedic doctor. Common reasons include:

  1. 1.     Arthritis
  2. 2.     Tumours
  3. 3.     Broken bones
  4. 4.     Joint replacement
  5. 5.     Sports injuries
  6. 6.     Spine injuries

Pain

Pain is the start of all problems and the same goes for orthopaedic problems. Patients often experience discomfort at different parts of their body such as their joints, rotator cuff, wrist or elbow. Even the slightest discomfort may indicate serious injuries. A locked finger could be due to trigger finger and pain after trauma could be due to torn ligaments or broken bones. Back pain could be due to herniated disc or a fractured vertebrae or even spine problems.

Swelling

Swelling indicates an increase in body fluid or blood in that particular area and must not be taken lightly as it could be a sign of serious medical condition requiring surgery.  When a patient experiences swelling in his joint, it could possibly indicate osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder due to wear and tear on a joint over a prolonged period experienced by elderly patients and signs are swelling of the bones or joints.

Redness

Redness is caused by infection or injury and is often experienced with pain and swelling. Conditions such as tendonitis are often accompanied by redness. If a patient experiences pain and swelling with redness, it could mean a serious complication and an orthopaedic doctor is needed immediately. A decrease in range of motion for joints normally indicates musculoskeletal problems such as a torn ligament.

Visible injuries

Injuries such as sprain and dislocation are visible and they are musculoskeletal injuries which needs orthopaedic treatment. Deformity of the skeletal systems such as hammer toes and club foot will also require orthopaedic surgery to correct them.

Top 6 Synvisc Injections Side Effects for Knee Pain

Side effects are the undesired effects of a particular medicine and they can be caused by all types of medication including supplements, herbal remedies, and prescription as well as over the counter medicine. They cannot be avoided but can the risk can be lowered with necessary precautions.

Hylan G-F 20 or more commonly known as Synvisc is a treatment specifically targeted towards the treatment of osteoarthritis and it is directly injected into the knee so as to both lubricate and cushion the knee joints. Synvisc contains hyaluronan which is a substance that is present in our joint fluid and they provide lubricating properties for our joints. Synvisc is administered as 3 separate injections direct into the knee spaced about a week from each other.

As with all treatments available, Synvisc causes side effects. However, different people experience different side effects depending on their body tolerance and most people tolerate it rather well without the need for external treatment.

Safety tests on the treatment of Synvisc therapy on patients with Osteoarthritis have been carried out through the usage of clinical trials. Results have concluded that Synvisc injection is nonantigenic, non toxic and noninflammatory and it has been given to millions of arthritis patients. There are no definite known side effects of synvisc treatment but as it is a localized treatment which involved injection into the knee, patients do thus experience discomfort and swelling and pain area the region. As with all kinds of available treatment in the market today, strenuous activities within the first 48 hours of treatments are strictly prohibited. Activities that will provide stress to the knee such as running, jumping, basketball or football are also forbidden.

  1. General

During clinical trials conducted, the most common side effect of Synvisc observed was knee pain, swelling and warming of the area, which happened to 11% of patients who received the treatment. In most of the cases, this side effect was mild and treatment was not even necessary.

  1. Locomotor system

Severe inflammation of the joint together with pain and effusion experienced 24 to 72 hours after injection also known as Pseudosepsis, has been experienced by patients. It is not common and nonsterodial anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to treat pseudosepsis.

  1. Cardiovascular

Side effects such as abnormally rapid heartbeat accompanied by an irregular rhythm and swelling of a vein that is caused by blood clot has been observed.

  1. Nervous system

Side effects such as anxiety, idleness, disequilibrium, headache, chills and muscular ache has been reported.

  1. Hypersensitivity

Cases of fever accompanied with allergic reaction and effusion in the knee coupled with synovial eosinophilia was reported.

  1. Local

Commonly acute painful joints experienced after injections were reported in most of the patients and the pain normally subsides a few hours later.

We introduce you Singapore Sports and Orthopaedics Clinic where professional help will be offered in the areas of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for all knee pain and sports injuries.

Top 7 Tips for Back Pain Relief

One of the most common body pain problems we are facing lately is back pain. If you are having consistent backache issues that are intolerable at times, I believe you had caught up with the second most common neurological disorder – Back pain.

The occurrence of back pain can be due to many reasons. Start assessing the reason behind the pain and understand what are the causes behind it and why. As a matter of fact, back pain can be interpreted into more serious conditions such as herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylosisthesis, osteoporosis, or a tumor, hence it’s important to find out what is the reason that is causing your back pain.

Aside that, we’ve got 7 tips for you to relieve the pain in your back:

1) Vitamin D

Muscle pain is one of the body pain issues that will result to unbearable backaches, probably due to vitamin D deficiency. One easy way to replenish your body with vitamin D would be exposing yourself to the sun and allowing your skin to absorb the UV rays. However people with darker pigmented skin will not effectively convert UV rays to vitamin D as compared to others.

2) Yoga

Sign up for a yoga class to relieve back pain issues in just 16 weeks. The pain intensity, disability and reliance on pain killer medications will be significantly reduced.

3) Massage Therapy

Go for a massage therapy if you are having lower back pains, especially for the women during pregnancy. Studies have proven that back massages will not only relieve chronic back pain, it can also effectively reduce anxiety and depression.

4) Capsaicin Cream

Studies shown that capsaicin cream can effectively reduce pain by acting as an analgesic effect. As compared to placebo, capsaicin cream can reduce pain by 11% more when conducting on a double-blind study.

5) Improving on Your Posture

Improving one’s posture by eliminating bad habits such as slouching can help in reducing the pain, muscle tension on your back, and improve mobility. In our daily lives, we hardly pay attention to our sitting or standing posture and this eventually leads to muscle strain and adding stress to our spine.

6) Acupuncture

Engaging in regular acupuncture sessions can effectively reduce back pain on a long run. Studies have shown that people who are regularly taking up acupuncture sessions will have a significant reduction in pain after a year of acupuncture. After two years, people who are still consistently receiving acupuncture might had been pain-free by then.

7) Visit an Orthopaedics Clinic

Seek for medical support if your back pain still persists after trying out the suggested remedies. It is advisable to seek for professional treatment if the pain is giving you symptoms that can be interpreted into serious health issues.