Hip Surgery For Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not a selective disease. This indicates that RA can occur in any joint in the body, destroying it and causing pain and bringing disability to the patient. RA usually attack joints that are located in the upper groin region but is not limited to that only. In the initial stages, any form of strenuous activities such as jogging, running or even carrying a heavy object can aggravate the pain. As it slowly progresses, it will start to affect the quality of sleep and lead to patients being disorientated. Hip surgery is one of the most effective treatment methods of RA and we will look into it in this article.

Total hip replacement (THR) is the most common form of surgical treatment for RA with the other being hip resurfacing. In THR, there are three different components for the implant; the stem, ball and socket. The stem will fit itself into the femur while the ball will replace the spherical head of the femur and finally the cup will replace the worn out hip socket. The materials used for the implant have specifically been chosen for the biocompatibility properties. This means that they will not react with the body fluids and chemicals and ultimately causing an undesired immune response from the host body. The materials are also resistant to corrosion and are long-lasting in the region of a decade or more. The mechanical properties are as good as or even better than the natural components of the hip.

THR will be performed in a sterile operating theatre that is free of bacteria in order to prevent infection. Patients will be given a general anesthesia jab, which will cause them to fall asleep throughout the surgery. An incision will be made along the side of the hips and can be as long as 25cm. However, this incision will not be visible as the clothes will be able to cover it decently. The diseased joint will be removed with a surgical saw and the bone will be cleaned and prep for the arrival of the new prosthesis. There will be proper drainage systems to remove blood from the region and when everything is over, sutures will be used to close up the incision.

As with all forms of surgery, there are risks involved. There will always be a slight chance of the formation of a blood clot and infection despite sterilizing the operating theatre.

Rheumatoid Arthritis – Symptoms and Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response from the body. In this unusual scenario, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy joint tissues, causing the joint lining to get inflamed. This inflammation will result in pain, swelling, tenderness and stiffness of the joint. The pain associated with RA is not constant throughout. There are sudden spikes in the pain level followed by periods of normality. RA can happen in different types of joints as well as important organs such as the lungs and the heart. Let’s look at some of the symptoms and treatments for RA.

The role of the joints in our body is to provide unparalleled flexibility and freedom of movement. In-between the cartilage of the bones, there exist a thick fluid known as the synovial fluid. This is responsible for providing non-stop lubrication to the joints in order to provide a smooth and unhindered movement. In patients suffering from RA, the antibodies are against this synovium where the synovial fluid is stored.

RA is also a chronic disease which effectively means that it is long lasting. As with all lasting diseases, the extent of seriousness is often not well known. Some people may experience frequent flare-ups while some may not. Below are some of the most common symptoms of RA:

  • Experiencing pain for more than an hour following prolonged periods at rest such as upon waking up in the morning
  • Joint inflammation in knee, elbow, ankle, wrist and fingers
  • Feverish feelings followed by lethargicness
  • Growth of small lumps of tissues under the skin

Currently, there is no cure for RA. However, there is a wide range of medication aim at helping to reduce the symptoms associated with it and slow down the progress. Due to the intrinsic nature of our body, there is no “one medication fits all” pill out there. The main role of the medication is for remission, which means to effectively control it in a way that it appears to be gone. A specialist doctor will alter the drug composition during the follow up sessions.

Rheumatoid Arthritis can range from a mild case to a severe case requirement surgery. Due to its complex nature, it is not easy to predict the expected outlook of the patient. A variety of medication will be administered in an attempt to find the best through trial and error. In order to reduce the chances of contracting RA, a healthy lifestyle seems to be an effective method.