Snapping Hips : Causes and Treatment

Snapping hip or dancer’s hip is a medical condition resulting in a snapping sound whenever the hip is used such as running, walking, jumping or even simply standing up from a sitting position. There are many possible causes for snapping hip and will often cause annoyance to the patient.

Iliopsoas band snapping

There is a thick connective tissue called the iliotibial band located at the outside of the hip. This iliotibial (IT) band passes through the part of the thigh bone that is protruding out called the greater trochanter and standing up from a previously sitting position can cause the IT band to snap, creating a snapping sound.

Iliopsoas tendon snapping

Similar to the above, the IT tendon acts as the primary flexor muscle for the hip passing through the front of the hip joint. During hip flexing motions, the IT tendon can cause a snap, creating the annoying sound that disturbs patients. This is usually harmless, only annoyance.

Cartilage tear

Cartilage is another possible reason for snapping hips. Due to injury or various reasons, the cartilage can be injured and result in a loose flap. During hip motions, this loose flap can hit against the hip, causing a snapping sound that is rather faint. Since this is due to injury, patients may experience instability in their hips and will require stability aids.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy can help to strengthen the soft tissues around the hips to better support it. Most of the exercises can be performed at home or your office and will not take up much of your time.

Iliotibial band stretching

This exercise requires the presence of a wall for support. Cross your right leg over the left and lean your hip towards the wall. You will be able to feel a stretch at the hip region and hold for 20 seconds. Change the leg and repeat the step. Repeat the exercise for 3 sets of 15.

Piriformis stretch

Lie down on your back and bend your knees slightly while keeping your feet flat on the ground. Cross the leg of the side of the injured hip and hold your hands behind your thigh. Pull the injured hip towards you and you will be able to feel a stretch. Hold in the position for 15 seconds and repeat for 3 sets of 15.

Quadriceps stretch

This exercise also requires the presence of a wall. Place your hand on the wall for support. Reach for the ankle of the injured hip and pull it towards you while standing in an upright position. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat for 3 sets of 15.

If the cause of your snapping hips is not due to injuries, it does not affect you much except annoyance. If they are due to injuries, you will need to administer medical treatments. Try doing physical therapy exercises initially and if it fails, you may need corticosteroid injections or even surgical treatments such as hip arthroscopy.

Checklist to Seek the Most Appropriate Treatment

Checklists are wonderful organising aids to help us make some of the most difficult yet important decisions in our lives. Without a checklist, we will be drowned by the myriad of choices, especially when it comes to healthcare and medical treatment. It is important to know when to seek medical treatment and attention. Many people who have suffered injuries often ignore it with the mentality that things will get better a few days later. While this is true for minor injuries, major ones cannot wait and the later you seek help, the lower the chances of recovery. Here is a checklist to help you seek the most appropriate treatment.

Pain

Pain is the body’s way of telling you that something somewhere isn’t right and it’s time you ought to do a health check. However, when pain already sets in, it’s often a tad too late. But this does not mean that you should sit back and do nothing! Understand the type of pain whether it comes on and goes away suddenly or it lingers for quite a fair bit of time. You should also try to find out the exact location of the pain and this can help you narrow down the possibilities.

Localised or Generalised?

Symptoms usually start generalised before zooming into a localised region. When you start to suffer from generalised discomfort, it’s time to visit a doctor and he will usually do an x-ray for you. If the problem is left ignored, it will often become localised and this will cause more problems and will often become very serious by the time you visit a doctor. However, some medical problems are very direct, such as an Anterior Cruciate Ligament tear. Upon immediate impact and tearing of the ACL, there will be swelling and inability for the leg to bear your body weight. You will also know that you need to seek immediate treatment from an Orthopaedic surgeon.

Know the various types of specialist surgeons

There are so many specialist surgeons out there, from Cardiothoracic to Neurosurgeon to Orthopaedic. Understanding which part of your body is affecting you will help you seek the correct surgeon for the best advice. For example, you will not seek an ENT surgeon for ankle sprains. Neither will you seek a Gynaecologist for nose problems.

Above are 3 points that should be in any checklist for appropriate medical treatment. Although they are not comprehensive, there are still able to help you narrow down available treatment methods for you.

 

Dos and Don’ts When Recovering From Hairline Fracture

Only those who have experienced fracture will know the immense pain when the fracture first occurred. The immediate onset of pain followed by several limitations that will cause us to alter our activities to accommodate to the inconvenience caused. After everything is over, it’s time to start the recovery process. Recovery from a hairline fracture is a spontaneous process that does not require any external energy to kick start it. However, there are some Dos and Don’ts which should be observed to expedite the healing process and prevent reoccurrence.

Partake high energy food

Although healing is a spontaneous process, prompt and fast healing will require extra energy input. The daily caloric intake needs to be increased to promote healing. Metabolic demands of the body increases drastically. An adult will require around 2500 calories daily while a patient suffering from fracture will need about 6000 calories! So start eating more food that is packed with energy.

Increase protein intake

Our bone is like a rigid sponge that is filled with a protein matrix embedded with calcium reinforcements. Half of the bone is made up of protein and protein is the building block of our body. During a fracture, the structure is compromised and the body will start to synthesis a new protein matrix. As a result, it will require tremendous amount of protein. An increase in protein intake will also result in an increase of growth factors such as insulin that will increase muscle strength and promote bone renewal. If protein levels are insufficient, the healing process will be compromised and delayed.

Increase antioxidants intake

Antioxidants are great against free radicals such as oxygen. During a bone fracture, the damaged tissues generate a huge amount of free radicals that will attack the collagen in the body. These free radicals will cause inflammation and lead to an even further damage on the collagen structure. Antioxidants will neutralise these free radicals and promote healing.

Do not exert force on the fractured area

The fracture region is already very weak and further exertion of weight can cause the fracture to get worse. Imagine a piece of glass that is shattered. If you place something heavy on the crack lines, you will notice it spreading out. This applies the same to a fracture. If you really need to move around, use crutches or a walker to help you along.

Although a hairline fracture is not as serious as a full fledge fracture, it still poses a huge risk to the patient. Any further aggravation will cause the injury to worsen and lead to undesirable consequences. Always remember to get plenty of rest and consume foods that are high in calcium, essential minerals and protein.

5 Benefits of Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) Therapy?

Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) therapy is an innovative treatment that helps to relieve pain and speed up the healing process. Since PRP uses your own tissue to aid in healing, there will not be complications arising from antibodies reacting. PRP appears to be beneficial in musculoskeletal treatment of the body in places such as the knee, shoulders, spine and hip. It is a non-surgical treatment that carries a much lower risk that conventional surgery.

Low risk

PRP therapy is a non-surgical option which means that the risk is extremely low. Additionally, it uses the patient’s own cells to help in the healing process, reducing any risk of foreign antibodies reacting with your immune system. PRP utilises blood that contains large amount of platelet cells which are full of healing factors to speed up the repair rate and attract stem cells.

Short treatment time

PRP therapy requires a much shorter treatment period as compared to other forms of treatment. It only takes on average an hour to two for the whole process. It is performed in a low risk environment that does not require any downtime, meaning that you can visit your medical officer during your lunch time and go back to work immediately after treatment. It does not require lengthy hospital stays or even anaesthesia.

Minimal visits to your doctor

Multiple visits are not required for PRP therapy. Typically, three injections will be administered within a period of six months and that is often all that is needed. Patients often find relief after only two injections and each injection is spaced three weeks apart. This will reduce any requirement for troublesome follow up visits to your doctor.

Meant for everyone

PRP therapy is meant for everyone out there. Although it is mainly a treatment for musculoskeletal problems, it can be performed on people with all sorts of problems including skin issues and even ageing. PRP therapy can be carried out to reduce fine lines, wrinkles and even acne with reasonable results.

Little side effects

As compared to other form of treatments, PRP therapy has very little side effects. The common ones are bruising of the injection site which will go away in a few days. There are no serious side effects due to it being a non-surgical procedure and the fact that the patient’s own cells are used.

PRP therapy is a method that is worth trying before deciding on surgery. Most patients recover after a few rounds of PRP therapy with reasonable results. However, it is not cheap and not very proven. However, do consider PRP therapy as your last resort before turning to surgery as your final resort.

6 Medications Used For Orthopaedic Treatments

Pain is often the first symptom of most orthopaedic problems. A proper diagnosis followed by prompt treatment will need to be administered to patients in the shortest possible  time. However, not all orthopaedic problems will need to be treated by surgery. Medications can help in most cases to reduce swelling, inflammation and pain and allow the patient to continue to lead a high quality lifestyle. Let’s take a look at some of the common medications that are used for orthopaedic treatments.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to help in pain relief and reduce swelling, tenderness, redness and stiffness following an injury that affects the joints or bones. Common NSAIDS include aspirin, ibuprofen and paracetamol. For minor injuries such as a sprain or strain, NSAIDS are usually sufficient to control and heal it.

Anti-depressants

An orthopaedic injury can be a huge blow for most people, especially those who are active in sports. It can result in the need to make huge changes in daily activities and this can cause depression is some people. As a result, anti-depressant drugs such as Prozac, Zoloft and Zyban are often prescribed to patients who are at a higher risk of depression.

Anti-seizure

Injuries to the nerves can cause a lot of unwanted and sudden pain. Most of the time, the pain can be described as a sudden stabbing pain and this will eventually lead to seizure. Therefore, anti-seizure drugs will be prescribed to patients to prevent this from happening. Common anti-seizure drugs include Gabapentin, Carbamazepine and Topiramate.

Pain relievers

Pain relievers help to reduce inflammation and bring down swelling and tenderness. Pain relievers act by either blocking the nerve from sending information to the brain or changing the sensory meaning of pain,  reducing pain dramatically.

Corticosteroids

A single corticosteroids injection can help to provide pain relief for up to 6 months. Corticosteroids treatments can be administered either orally or through injections and injections are the most preferred method as the drug is passed directly to the inflamed tissue. Corticosteroids are not meant to be used for a long period of time as they can cause serious side effects.

Anti-osteoporosis

Osteoporosis occurs mainly due to ageing. This is due to the reduced intake of calcium and that causes the bones to get thinner and thinner. Over time, it will lead to a reduced bone density and increase the risk of bone fractures. Anti-osteoporosis drugs act by injecting a concentrated amount of calcium and bone forming cells to reduce bone thinning and increase calcium content.

Drugs are prescribed based on many different factors such as medical history, allergy, age and severity of orthopaedic injury. Instead of surgery, some minor injuries can be easily treated with medication.