5 Types of Physiotherapy Exercises

Physiotherapy exercises are an integral part of the recovery process of a patient with musculoskeletal problems. There are different types of exercises targeted at different parts of the body and is often used in conjunction with other treatment methods such as surgery and medication.

Range of motion exercises

One of the most common physiotherapy exercises is the range of motion exercise. This is performed by patients suffering from joint problems including the knee joint, shoulder joint and elbow joint. Due to injury, joints are often stiff, inflamed and swollen. As a result, the ability to achieve maximum range of motion is hindered. Imagine yourself being unable to fully straighten your leg or your elbow. It is definitely going to cause a lot of discomfort. Range of motion exercises can effectively loosen tight tissues and help to slowly improve your joint flexibility.

Strengthening exercises

Strengthening exercises can be prescribed before and after any surgery. Before surgery, the muscles must be strong as patients are often required are required to rest for a certain period of time, resulting in atrophy of the muscles. Strong muscles prior to surgery can help to reduce the level of weakness and better support the injured parts. After surgery, the muscles will need to be strengthened to help better support the recovery parts and bear the weight and grunt of the body.

Soft tissue mobilisation

Soft tissue mobilisation helps to relax tense and tight muscles which would otherwise be causing a lot of discomfort and pain to the patient. It is performed by therapists doing massage on the affected area, static stretching to relax and relieve stiffness and the usage of therapeutic tapes which supposedly helps to improve blood flow.

General conditioning

General conditioning as its name suggests helps to provide conditioning of the body through various cardiovascular exercises such as walking, swimming and jogging. It helps to increase flexibility of the joints as well as improve overall health.

Balancing exercises

Due to injuries, the body’s natural ability to balance the body may be slightly off and therefore, exercises that help to restore the balance will need to be performed. Initially, the use of a parallel bar may be required to help you keep your balance but as time goes by, you can start to disregard the presence of that bar.

Physiotherapy aims to recondition your body back to its initial condition and help you achieve a better quality of life.

Preventing Osteoarthritis through Exercise

Osteoarthritis is a significant degenerative disease that affects the joints. It appears most commonly in the lower extremities which includes the knee and ankles. The reason why the lower extremities are favoured is due to the immense amount of stresses experienced each day. Despite the high prevalence of Osteoarthritis, it can be prevented through simple exercises. We will discuss in this article about how best to prevent Osteoarthritis through daily exercises.

Studies have concluded that exercises can help to prevent Osteoarthritis. Light exercises such as walking are able to effectively reduce the development of osteoarthritis while heavy ones can lead to an increase. As we age, our cartilage becomes less flexible and more brittle. As a result, it cannot work as effectively as before. Exercising frequently helps to prevent muscle atrophy and this is beneficial for those suffering from degenerative joint problems. Exercising frequently helps to build muscle mass, increase strength and flexibility. Patients who complain of pain while exercising should consider aquatic-based exercises which are pain free due to the buoyancy of water.


Flexibility exercises

The aim of flexibility exercises is to increase mobility in the joints and reduce stiffness. Simple flexibility exercises can help to stretch the surrounding muscles and increase blood flow to the region.


Leg stretch

Sit down on the floor and bend your knees while holding the soles together. Hold your ankles firmly and slowly push your knee down using your elbow. You will be able to feel a stretch on the inner part of your leg. Remember to do this slowly or you risk pulling your quad muscles.

Lower back stretch

Lie flat on a piece of yoga mat whilst extending your legs. Get into a position similar to when you are doing crunches but instead of holding your ankles, hold your knee this time round. Pull your knees towards you at a slow but consistent pace while maintaining proper breathing techniques.

Low impact aerobic exercises

Low impact aerobic exercises such as swimming and cycling are gentle on your joints yet improving your cardiovascular function effectively. While people commonly associate osteoarthritis with aging, it does not seem to be the case now. There is an increasing trend in younger patients suffering from osteoarthritis. Instead of participating in high impact sports such as soccer and running, consider making the switch to low impacts ones.
There is no effective cure for osteoarthritis yet and the only way is to manage it with medication and exercises in an attempt to live with the pain and go on with your life.

Exercises to Relief Mouse Shoulder

Do you have a job that requires prolonged sitting at your desk, clicking onto that dreadful mouse? Spending hours at a desk bound job without being able to walk around and stretch your muscles can cause pain in your body. Do you frequently feel a tight and burning sensation at your shoulder whenever you click on the mouse? Patients always have the wrong impression that if they sit ergonomically, they will not suffer from these injuries. However, even if the keyboard and screen are arranged in an ergonomically way, the position of the mouse can cause havoc if it is incorrectly placed.

The very first thing you should do is to eliminate the cause of the pain. And that is to reach for the power socket, remove the cable and dump the entire CPU into the nearest bin. But since you are 99.99% unable to do that, you should look at the second option and that is to perform strengthening exercises with the help of free weights.

Upper back stretch

Stretching is an excellent way to help relieve mouse shoulder. Although it cannot strengthen the back muscles, it helps to loosen the stiffness and the pressure that was built up in that area. The benefit of stretching is that it can be performed anywhere, anytime, even in the comfort or your office. You will need to lie down on your stomach preferably on a yoga mat. Slowly lift your head and legs off the mat while stretching your hands behind your back. You will be able to feel intense stretching at your back. Hold in the position for 10 seconds and repeat for 3 sets of 15. You should aim to perform this every other hour when possible.

Shoulder shrugs

Shoulder shrugs are an excellent exercise to help strengthen the upper shoulder muscles. Hold the free weights with both hands and shrug your shoulders in an upwards direction, hold for 3 seconds and return back to the starting position. Strong upper shoulder muscles can resist tearing and straining. Repeat for 3 sets of 12 repetitions.

Dumbbell rows

The main difference between a dumbbell rows from a normal row is the muscle group that it engages. Dumbbell rows actively work the upper back muscles to strengthen and tone it. Stand straight with hands legs shoulder width apart. Holding the weights in both hands, stretch your hands perpendicular to the ground out to the sides until it is 90 degrees. Repeat this exercise for 3 sets of 15s.

Mouse shoulder is extremely common to office ladies (OL) due to the long hours of being at the desk. Although the position of the monitor screen and keyboard seems alright, as long as the mouse is at a different level as the keyboard, something will go wrong.