Finger Dislocation: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

A variety of different things can cause a finger injury. You can bruise it or cut it when you’re in the kitchen, or even smash it when working out in the shop. But, a finger dislocation is a totally different type of injury. Take a look at the causes, symptoms, and your treatment options should you find yourself in the position of having a dislocated finger.

Causes

The cause of a finger dislocation is either “jamming” your finger on the end of the fingertip with an excessive force, or it can be caused if your finger becomes overextended in a particular direction. This can happen due to you experiencing a fall and landing wrong on the outstretched hand when you’re trying to catch yourself. It can happen when you’re playing a variety of sports such as basketball or baseball and having the ball jam your finger. You may also get your finger caught in either sports equipment or other type of equipment and pull your finger out of its normal placement.

Symptoms of Finger Dislocation

Typically, when you have dislocated your finger you’re going to know it. It’s not a subtle injury that you may question what happened. Your finger will look either crooked or bent in an odd shape and there will be pain and swelling as well. You may also experience numbness or tingling in the finger and the finger will start to look pales as well. There’s also a chance, depending on how severe the finger injury is, that it will break the skin when you have a finger dislocation.

Treatment Options

Any sign of a finger dislocation calls for a trip to the doctor or ER. You need to have the finger put back into place before any permanent damage is done. The longer you wait to receive treatment, it can make it more difficult to put it back into place or can cause irreversible damage.

Before you get to the doctor, make sure to remove any items of jewelry from the injured finger if you have any on. Travel to the doctor’s office with ice on your hand. Once you arrive at the doctor they will most likely give you a local anesthetic or some pain medications via IV or mouth so that the doctor can put your finger back into its proper place. Once that has happened you’ll receive either a splint or have your finger taped to the healthy one next to it. This will help it to heal and prevent any chance of it slipping back out of place during healing.

Biceps Tendinitis: Cause, Symptom & Treatment

When it comes to lifting, moving, writing, and doing everyday chores, your biceps go through a lot of movement. If you’re doing too much you can begin to notice biceps pain start to creep in and you may think it’s just overuse of your muscles. However, it is important to know that your biceps can be injured through lifting heavier than normal objects, overusing the muscle or other ways. One of the injuries you can develop is called biceps tendinitis. Discover below what biceps tendinitis treatment is available and how you can tell if that is what you have going on.

Causes

The main cause of tendinitis is due to overuse of the bicep muscle. This could be because you’re a baseball player, you lift heavy objects on a daily basis or you love to swim. You can have this show up in your bicep, elbow or shoulder. It is generally caused by the repetitive motions being done over and over by your arm. So if you have a job that is a repetitive movement, or if your favorite sport does the same, you can have a cause of tendonitis start to show up.

Symptoms

You may have biceps pain start in one or both of your arms depending on which arm is affected. Pain is generally located in the shoulder or elbow and not in both places at the same time. You may notice a sharp pain if you have a tear in the tendon or even bruising and swelling. You may also notice pain during movement that has caused the problem in the first place. If you have torn the tendon, then you may require surgery to fix the problem.

Treatment Options

There are a few different options for biceps tendinitis treatment. You can start with ice packs on the affected area. This can help to reduce any inflammation in the joint or bicep area that is causing the pain. You can also take an over the counter anti-inflammatory to help make sure it reduces inflammation and the pain. Resting the arm that is hurting is also highly advised. Try to take some time off of the activity that caused the pain so that your arm can rest and heal.

Biceps pain can be quite difficult to deal with, especially when it starts to affect your daily life. Be sure to take preventative measures if you have a repetitive job or task done each day. Change up your routine and get plenty of rest to make sure you don’t injure your arm further.

3 Causes for Finger Joint Pain and Treatments

Whether you work in manual labor all day or you’re at an office job, your fingers and hands are quite busy. Daily tasks can become difficult to do if you’re suffering from finger joint pain or finger pain. Learning the most common causes for finger pain and the treatment options available can help you to live life to the fullest again, without the pain in your hands or fingers. Here are a few common causes of pain in the joints of your fingers.

Injury

Perhaps you may not have even realized you injured your hand or fingers and this is the cause of your pain. Other times you know when you did it and can pinpoint what caused the finger pain. Either way an injury can cause pain in the joints and fingers of the hand making it difficult to use that appendage until it’s healed.

Arthritis

There are several types of arthritis that can cause finger joint pain. RA, or rheumatoid arthritis, causes inflammation in the joints and can cause knots and growths on the fingers. It can also cause them to twist and cause more pain. Arthritis can come along with age or it can come along due to genetics. Osteoarthritis is another form that can affect the hands and fingers.

Other Causes

Another common source of finger pain is an infection from a cut or scrape. If you do not take care of the injury when it happens, you can end up with a painful infection. You could also develop neuropathy if you suffer from uncontrolled diabetes or have had diabetes for a very long time. This can cause numbness and pain in the appendages.

One other common cause of finger joint pain is carpal tunnel syndrome. It may start out as numbness and tingling but can progress to more painful problems if not taken care of.

Treatment Options

For pain in the fingers and joints you can take over the counter anti-inflammatory drugs to help reduce the inflammation causing the pain. If your finger is broken or injured the doctor may put a brace on the finger so that you can reduce the movement giving it time to heal. For other symptoms such as carpal tunnel you may also find a brace to steady the wrist and hands can help to alleviate the symptoms.

For those suffering with arthritis, you may find that your doctor can prescribe you something to help with the symptoms and to reduce the pain. Finger joint pain can be caused by a variety of ailments and it’s important to pinpoint where your pain is coming from.

Nursemaid’s Elbow: Cause, Symptom & Prevention

Children are always playing, jumping around, running and generally having a great time. However, there is an injury that can occur to a child that happens suddenly and is cause for a visit to the pediatrician. The commonly termed phrase is pulled elbow or nursemaids elbow, but it is known in the medical community as a radial head subluxation. What is that and what can you do to prevent it from happening to your child? Here are a few things you need to know about this common injury and how you can keep it from happening.

What is Pulled Elbow?

Basically, nursemaids elbow is when the joint of the elbow is pulled partially out. The ligaments around the elbow and the bones in the arm are still growing and are not as tight as the ligaments in adults. This can lead to young children suffering from this injury where they have a small separation of their radiocapitellar joint. Some children have ligaments that are very loose around this joint and thus can suffer from this injury multiple times.

How Does It Happen?

The nursemaids elbow or pulled elbow injury can happen multiple different ways. If children are playing with their friends and someone pulls on their arm too hard it can pop out of place. If you or their care giver is holding their hand and you must pull them quickly out of harm’s way, it can cause the joint to dislocate. When friends or family swing your child around by their arms it can also cause this radial head subluxation to take place. Another way that it can be done is if you’re holding the hand of your child and they happen to pull back on you rather harshly or sometimes even when they fall down and are still holding your hand. It is very rare that it happens from a fall such as this but it does.

How Can You Prevent It?

While it can be a common injury to your children, you want to make sure to try and prevent it as much as possible. Be sure you do not swing your child around while only holding their arms or hands. This can be an easy way to have the pulled elbow injury pop up. Also pick your children up by grasping them under the arms. Do not try to lift them up by their hands or arms. Make sure you also avoid tugging on their arms or hand as this can cause nursemaids elbow as well.

Top 4 Badminton Overuse Injuries

Overuse injuries are commonly experienced by badminton players. Due to overtraining and improper use of techniques, stress is constantly impacted on the same parts of the body, leading to tendon tears and chronic pain over time if left untreated. The pain comes gradually and may not affect the performance of players immediately. As such, many ignore the symptoms until the condition worsens.

  1. Tennis Elbow

Also called the Lateral Epicondylitis, Tennis Elbow is caused by the repetitive motion of using backhand to hit the shuttlecock. Patients would feel pain in the elbow and arm, especially when raising the hand or gripping an object. Other causes that contribute to the injury could also be the high tension of the strings and unsuitable racket grip size. While the backhand move is necessary for all racket sports, it is important to use the correct techniques and warm up before every training session.

  • Jumper’s Knee

Another name for Jumper’s Knee is Patellar Tendonitis. It is called the Jumper’s Knee as the condition is usually caused by the action of jumping during sports, with the impact striking the knees upon landing. Patients complain of pain and aching on the front side of the knee though they have never had an injury in the area before. It may not be felt significantly in the early stages but eventually, if left untreated, can result in tendon rupture.

  • Golfer’s Elbow

Golfer’s Elbow, or Medial Epicondylitis, is the damage to the elbow muscles and tendons that control the wrist and fingers. It is caused by the repetitive flicking motion of the wrist required in badminton. Usually due to compensation from inadequate use of arm strength, the force used with the wrist might be more than the muscles can take. Patients would feel pain and tenderness on the inside of the elbow and along the forearm, with stiffness and difficulty to grip. Tape and elbow guard can be worn to give more support to the arm. However, it is best to stop all activities and allow the arm to rest once pain is felt during or after training.

  • Shoulder Injuries

One common shoulder injury is a shoulder strain. Due to the nature of the sport which requires impactful swinging of the shoulders, the rotator cuff of the shoulder is often strained or damaged over time. Symptoms to look out for are pain and stiffness that gradually worsens with activity. Injury could be avoided by using the correct techniques and getting plenty of rest to allow the muscles to recover.

Common Ice Skating Injuries: Prevention & Treatment

Ice skating injuries can be either acute or overuse injuries. Single skating tends to lead to overuse injuries while pairs suffer more acute injuries due to the nature of the different styles of skating – single skaters have no external support and have to use their full strength to maneuver the moves while pair skaters perform more dangerous stunts that can cause traumatic injuries. That said, repetitive stress from excessive training could cause any skater to suffer overuse injuries and a slip of technique in any kind of sports could result in traumatic injuries.

Types of Common Ice Skating Injuries

Figure skaters are usually not foreign to injuries. Overuse injuries such as pump bump, lace bite and tendonitis are commonly experienced when skaters are breaking in their new skates. These injuries are usually caused by the stiff leather of the new boots. However, it could also be caused by incorrect skating technique and body alignment, which can lead to more serious injuries like stress fractures, knee pain and back pain.

Acute injuries are usually caused by falls and accidents. Skaters could incur wrist fractures from instinctively stretching their arms out to break a fall. An ankle sprain could also happen when landing a jump on a wrong foot. These injuries, however, could be avoided.

Prevention

To prevent overuse injuries, space out the training sessions to avoid overworking the body and stretch before getting on ice. When breaking in new skates, walk around in the skates on even ground or speed up the process with heat moulding. Ensure that proper techniques and postures are used every time.

Wrist injuries can be easily prevented by simply letting yourself fall without using your arms to absorb the impact. You should skate slowly so that should you fall, the impact would not be as damaging to your body. To protect yourself from ankle sprains and other leg injuries, make sure that your skates give enough support to your ankles, and allow just a slight lift in the air when jumping so that the landing would not be as hard.

Treatment

Usually, the R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) method is sufficient to treat mild to moderate skating injuries. There are also plasma and steroid injections available to treat chronic injuries. If any bones are broken (fractured), seek medical advice as soon as possible. Your doctor may order an X-ray to examine the severity of the fracture and decide if surgery is necessary. Regardless of severity, it is recommended to only resume skating after full recovery lest causing further injury.

Monteggia Fracture: Symptoms & Treatment

The term Monteggia fracture is used to precisely refer to a dislocation of the forearm. This type of injury is extremely rare and accounts for less than 5% of all forearm fractures. The key to successfully diagnosing a Monteggia fracture is precise radiographs of the entire forearm and elbow to properly assess the nature of the injury in a timely manner. The most challenging part is to assess the extent and nature of this injury. The ulna fracture is usually in the proximal third of the ulna and may involve the olecranon, midshaft and distal shaft.

There are four main types of Monteggia fractures:

  • Type 1 – This is due to direct trauma or an impact force resulting in hyperextension or hyperpronation. The most common type of hyperpronation is due to a fall on an outstretched arm.
  • Type 2 – This is due to direct trauma with the forearm in supination or a rotational force in supination. This usually results in an open fracture.
  • Type 3 – This is due to direct trauma over the inner aspect of the elbow, resulting in an adduction force with a lateral displacement of the radial head.
  • This is due to a forced pronation of the forearm.

 

Symptoms

  • Immense pain in the arm that becomes worse when using the wrist and elbow
  • Swelling in the forearm
  • Deformed forearm
  • Swelling in the hands
  • Swelling at the writ
  • Tenderness in the forearm
  • Numbness in the wrist
  • Limited range of motion

The type of treatment administered depends on the severity of the injury. The first and most conservative step is to immobilise the arm and place it inside a protective cast. This will allow the forearm joint and ulna to properly heal. A few weeks later, the arm will be x-rayed to monitor the healing process. If there are bones that are broken, the cast will be removed and corrective actions will be taken. As the bone is a piezoelectric material, relieving it of load will result in bone resorption.

This will result in the arm with the fracture having a shorter arm than the other. The next issue is the risk of infection if the fracture is an open one. An open fracture is one that has broken skin with the broken bone protruding out of it. Some types of Monteggia fractures if occured in children, do not require an operation and can be managed with a cast.

Arthritis of the Thumb: Symptoms & Treatment

Arthritis is a degenerative medical condition that affects and destroy a joint. There are different types of arthritis but the most common one is that affecting the basal joint and osteoarthritis. Thumb arthritis occurs when the cartilage is removed due to prolonged wear and tear from the thumb joint. It can result in severe pain in the hands, swelling and the inability to perform simple daily actions such as turning a doorknob.

Studies have also shown that thumb arthritis is more common in women than men, especially for ladies over 40 years old. In fact, women above the age of 75 are twice more prone to thumb arthritis than men of the same age.

Symptoms

The first symptom that will occur is pain. Pain will start from the base of the thumb when attempting to use it during actions such as clenching a fit. Simply put, any actions that requires the thumb to apply a force will result in pain. Very soon after, pain will be experienced even when the thumb is not in use. This would then signify an increase in the seriousness of thumb arthritis. Other symptoms may also be experienced by patients and they include:

  • Swelling and stiffness at the base of thumb
  • Loss of strength while trying to grip an object
  • Decrease in range of motion of thumb
  • Awkward finger position towards the base area

Causes

Thumb arthritis are usually the result of a direct or indirect trauma to the joint. The basal joint is designed to provide the thumb a wide range of motion, allowing us to perform a myriad of tasks. It is also with this range of motion that causes instability to it. Cartilage acts as a cushion to support the metacarpal bone and trapezium bone. Due to prolonged usage of the thumb joint, the cartilage wears off and the bones are no longer able to glide smoothly over each other. This will result in friction and the eventual damage of the finger joint.

The damaged joint will respond by growing new bones known as bone spurs. These bone spurs will cause the side of the thumb to have visible lumps. Eventually, the thumb metacarpal will start to slide out of the saddle.

Patients with less severe thumb arthritis will respond well to non-surgical treatment whereas those with severe arthritis will need surgical reconstruction to improve thumb function. An early diagnosis is critical to prevent thumb arthritis from deteriorating.

Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome of the Wrist: Cause & Treatments

Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome of the Wrist happens when the ulnar nerve that is located in the wrist gets compressed. The main function of the ulnar nerve is to innervate in the forearm and the hand and it travels from our neck all the down to the forearm and finally the hands. As a result, it can be compressed in multiple places during. When pressure starts to build up, it can impinge onto the nerve and result in numbness.

Causes

There are many possible causes of ulnar tunnel syndrome. Most of the reasons are due to medical conditions:

  1. Constricted fascial bands. This happens when the fascial bands connective tissues surrounding muscles and nerves get constricted and presses onto the ulnar nerve as a result.
  2. Cubitus valgus. Patients suffering from Cubitus valgus have a deformation in their forearm. The forearm is angled away from the body and this will cause large pressures building up at the site of the nerves.
  3. Tumours. Tumours are groups of abnormal cells that form lumps or growth and this excess weight will bear down and impinge onto the nerves.

Other non-medical conditions can cause ulnar tunnel syndrome as well. Simple actions such as leaning onto the wrist habitually can cause compression of the wrist, causing the bones to press onto the nerves.

Treatment

Treatment and management of ulnar tunnel consist of a non-surgical as well as a surgical component. Initially, non-surgical options will be recommended to patients. These include physiotherapy, immobilisation of the wrist and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). For example, if the cause of this is due to repeated actions such as hammering a nail, the patient will need to stop such action immediately or use alternative methods in order to minimize this trauma. Immobilising the wrist and using a wrist splint will also hold the wrist in place, allowing the area to heal on its own. NSAID on the other hand will help to reduce inflammation.

If the above methods does not work, the patient will be sent for x-ray diagnostics and MRI scanning. Most often, patients with a growth such as a tumour will need to undergo surgical treatment to remove the cysts. Once the growth is removed, there will no longer be anymore nerve impingement and sensation will start to slowly return.

Ulnar tunnel syndrome is a treatable medical condition and patients should seek immediate medical attention before the nerves get damaged.

De Quervain’s Tendinosis: Symptoms & Treatment

De Quervain’s Tendinosis is a medical condition due to the irritation and inflammation of the tendons located at the base of the thumb. Tendinosis simply refers to swelling of the tendons and this will ultimately result in pain and discomfort for patients. This pain is further intensified when activities involving the thumb is initiated such as gripping a plastic bag or clenching a fist.

Located in our thumb are 2 main fibrous connective tissues known as the tendon. The tendons are the ones responsible for attaching our muscles to bones. In order to provide cushioning support, synovium fluid is coated on the tendons so that they can slide easily. When the tendons swell or thickens, friction will be increased and this will result in tendinosis.

Symptoms

In the initial stages of tendinosis, the pain will be random. It may appear slowly or suddenly and will travel from the wrist all the way up to the forearm. After a few days, presence of swelling will be obvious over at the thumb side of the wrist due to an excess of bodily fluid accumulated. When the thumb is in use, there may be feelings of instability and a snapping sound might be heard. Due to the swelling and pain, the thumb and entire wrist may be difficult to use.

 

Treatment

The main aim of treatment is simply to reduce irritation and swelling that is responsible for pain. Non-surgical treatment will be administered first to see if patients can respond well.

Splints

Splints act as immobiliser to properly rest the thumb and wrist to prevent further aggravation to the condition. It will be worn over a period of several weeks until signs of improvements are seen.

Anti-inflammatory medication

Anti-inflammatory medication as its name suggests are administered either orally or locally through injection to reduce inflammation, swelling and ultimately relieving pain.

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids will be injected directly into the site of the inflamed tendon. The corticosteroids will enter into the cells and combine with the steroid receptors, inhibiting the synthesis of proteins which are responsible for swelling.

Surgery

Surgery will be required for cases that do not respond well to non-surgical means. An axillary block will be performed to put the hands to sleep. A small incision will be made and the wrist will be thoroughly cleaned with anti-bacterial solution. The tunnel will be opened up to make space for tendons so that it does not rub against the tunnel.