Top 5 Trampoline Injuries: Prevention

Having a trampoline in your backyard seems like a fun and exciting way to get outside and get to moving. While it could be fun, there are some serious trampoline injuries that can take place if precautions are not taken. These can include everything from broken bones and sprains to something even more serious such as concussions or neck injuries. Learning how to prevent the top four trampoline injuries from happening in your home is critical to keep the fun lasting for years to come. Here are some of the top four injuries that people deal with on a trampoline.

Broken Bones

Children and adults can easily break bones on the trampolines in their friend’s yard or in their own. This can happen by colliding with someone else while jumping, falling off the trampoline during a jump or landing wrong on the trampoline itself.

Sprains or Strains

Again this can happen on the trampoline while you or your child are jumping around. You could land wrong and twist an ankle or even get your arm caught in the sides of the trampoline when landing as well. Many people suffer from twisted limbs when jumping and landing incorrectly.

Head or Neck Injuries

A more serious injury on the trampoline includes injuries to the neck or head.  People have broken their necks or hit their heads and developed a concussion after jumping on the trampoline. Another way these trampoline injuries occur is if there are two people jumping and they collide on landing. They can develop severe head injuries if they hit their heads together or if they fall off the trampoline and land on the ground.

Bruises, Cuts, and Scrapes

These are more minor injuries that happen but they happen nonetheless. It is very important that if you cut yourself on the trampoline that you take the proper methods of caring for it afterwards. Be sure to clean out the cut or scrape and ice down bruised areas to prevent more swelling.

Precautions to Prevent Trampoline Injuries

Some might say to leave the trampoline at the store and walk away. Some would tell you not to even put one in your yard, but if you have one already, here are some ideas to keep in mind. Always have an adult present when jumping on the trampoline. Only allow one person to jump at a time and everyone else should be off the trampoline. Make sure not to do flips on the trampoline and to check all aspects of the unit for damage and needed repairs.

3 Common Injuries From Weight Lifting

Everyone wants to be healthier and stronger. One way to do that is with a healthy diet plan and exercise, combining both cardio and strength training. While strength training is a great method of toning and getting stronger, there are some very common weight lifting injuries that you should be aware of before getting started. They range from shoulder injuries to knee and back injuries. Learning what they are and how to avoid them to be safe when lifting is key in making the type of progress you wish to make.

Shoulder Injuries

When you are performing such tasks as overhead lifting like bench presses or shoulder press, you can run into an injury called shoulder impingement. This injury is when you have inflammation and swelling in the rotator cuff area. At first you may only notice pain in the shoulder when you’re lifting your arms, but eventually the pain can be felt no matter what you’re doing as it progresses. If you’re not cautious, then this shoulder impingement injury can also lead to a tear in the rotator cuff itself.

Back Injuries

Lifting heavy weights with your back instead of your legs can result in serious back strains or sprains. If you’re lifting with your back, you may also experience a herniated disc which is quite painful. Sprains are typically caused by acute injuries or trauma to the back making the ligaments stretch to far or even tear. Strains typically affect the muscles instead of the ligaments in the back. Most of these weight lifting injuries can be treated with medication and relaxation. The herniated disc however may require physical therapy or even surgery to correct the problem.

Knee Injuries

Remember to also protect your knees as you’re lifting weights. The knee joint or patellar tendon can be injured by repetitive squatting motions, deep knee bends, and extension of the knee.  As you are bending and squatting during your weight lifting, the tendon can start to get tiny tears in it. Then you may start to feel pain below the kneecap. It is important that you keep an eye on this and get treatment as soon as you can. Some cases are helped with patellar tendon strap or physical therapy. In extreme cases, surgery may be needed to repair the knee.

Lifting weights is a great way to get your body into shape and to help you feel and be stronger. While you’re lifting, it’s very important that you take the necessary safety steps and precautions to prevent yourself from having any weight lifting injuries.

Knock Knees: Symptom and Treatment

When your children are learning to walk it is a fun and exciting adventure. It can also be a little overwhelming as you learn to let go and let them do it on their own, stumbling and falling along the way. As your children continue to grow and go off on their own walking adventures, you may start noticing some differences in the way they stand or how their legs fit together. One fairly common sight in children under the age of around 6 or 7 is Genu Valgum, or what you know as knock knees. While in most cases of knock knees, the knees will eventually spread out further apart as your child matures. If you’re concerned with the way your child’s knees or legs are developing, here are some signs and knock knee treatments you should know about to make sure everything is developing as it should.

Symptoms of Knock Knees

Take a look at how your child stands. If you notice that when they stand with their knees together their ankles are much farther apart than they should be, this could be a sign of knock knees. If the angle their knees are turned inward is larger than a 15-degree angle, you should seek out a consultation. They may complain of pain or other problems with their knees as well. They may have difficulty walking on a regular basis, have one leg that is turned in more than the other, or instead of getting better the problem is getting worse.

Knock knees, Genu Valgum, is caused by a variety of things. Rickets, excessive weight such as in an obese person, or weak knee ligaments can all be culprits of this condition. There are ways to treat it if you get to your pediatric physician or your pediatric orthopedic doctor.

Treatment

Typically, treatment for this condition does not take place unless the child is around 10 years old or older. That is because your child is still growing and the condition usually fixes itself with time. If there’s an underlying cause of the problem, then that will be treated first. Things such as losing weight if the problem is due to being overweight, strengthening ligaments, and getting in your Vitamin D and calcium if rickets is the cause, are just a few ways they can be treated.

As a general rule, surgery is the very last resort for knock knee treatments. There are two types generally used that include guided growth and an osteotomy. Both of these are held off as long as possible to help the child to develop normally.

Nursemaid’s Elbow: Cause, Symptom & Prevention

Children are always playing, jumping around, running and generally having a great time. However, there is an injury that can occur to a child that happens suddenly and is cause for a visit to the pediatrician. The commonly termed phrase is pulled elbow or nursemaids elbow, but it is known in the medical community as a radial head subluxation. What is that and what can you do to prevent it from happening to your child? Here are a few things you need to know about this common injury and how you can keep it from happening.

What is Pulled Elbow?

Basically, nursemaids elbow is when the joint of the elbow is pulled partially out. The ligaments around the elbow and the bones in the arm are still growing and are not as tight as the ligaments in adults. This can lead to young children suffering from this injury where they have a small separation of their radiocapitellar joint. Some children have ligaments that are very loose around this joint and thus can suffer from this injury multiple times.

How Does It Happen?

The nursemaids elbow or pulled elbow injury can happen multiple different ways. If children are playing with their friends and someone pulls on their arm too hard it can pop out of place. If you or their care giver is holding their hand and you must pull them quickly out of harm’s way, it can cause the joint to dislocate. When friends or family swing your child around by their arms it can also cause this radial head subluxation to take place. Another way that it can be done is if you’re holding the hand of your child and they happen to pull back on you rather harshly or sometimes even when they fall down and are still holding your hand. It is very rare that it happens from a fall such as this but it does.

How Can You Prevent It?

While it can be a common injury to your children, you want to make sure to try and prevent it as much as possible. Be sure you do not swing your child around while only holding their arms or hands. This can be an easy way to have the pulled elbow injury pop up. Also pick your children up by grasping them under the arms. Do not try to lift them up by their hands or arms. Make sure you also avoid tugging on their arms or hand as this can cause nursemaids elbow as well.

Top 4 Baseball Injuries: Prevention

Baseball is an all-time favorite pastime not only in America, but around the world. From the backyard family games to the pitcher’s mound in the big stadiums, baseball is a game everyone can enjoy watching or playing. While this game is fun and exciting, it can also be dangerous to the players if the proper caution and preventative measures are not taken. From elbow injuries to hurting the pitcher’s shoulder, there are several different injuries that can occur when one plays on a regular basis. Here are the top four common baseball injuries and what you can do to prevent them from happening to you or your children.

Top Four Injuries

When it comes to the sport, there are several injuries that are commonly seen. One of the most common is muscle strains or soft tissue type injuries. This can occur when you pull a muscle during pitching, catching, or running bases. Two more types of injuries that are commonly seen include cuts and bruises. This happens due to running into another player, sliding into the bases, or even getting hit with the ball during a play.

One other type of typical baseball injury is a ligament injury. This includes spraining the ligament which happens a lot when pitching, catching or running the bases. All of these can be minor injuries but others can be quite detrimental to the player. It can cause you to miss a full season if the injury is severe enough.

How do you stop these injuries from happening? What can you do to avoid elbow injuries such as overuse or avoid injuring your pitcher’s shoulder? Here are a few tips to help you prevent these most common injuries from happening.

Tips to Prevent Injuries

Always make sure to warm up gradually and properly each time you go to play. Do not skip the warm up as this can help you get your muscles and body prepared for what you are about to do.  Start with easy slow pitches, running at a slow pace around the bases, and getting your body prepared for the game.

Rotate the pitchers to other positions. Make sure that you do not overuse your pitcher or overuse your arm as the pitcher. Also as the coach of a baseball team, follow the guidelines on age appropriate pitching. For example, teens and adults can typically pitch two games a week while the younger crowd should max out around 75-100 pitches a week. This will help to prevent them from injuring their shoulder.

Always wear your protective equipment such as helmets, shin guards and catcher’s mitt if you’re playing baseball. This can help you to prevent any major injuries and keep you playing your favorite sport.

Internal Tibial Torsion: Symptoms & Treatments

Intoeing, or internal rotation of tibia, can be found in early childhood. This is typically done when your child first starts walking. It will be noticed by a turn of your child’s feet towards each other instead of in the straight line as they generally are. Learning what internal tibial torsion is and how it is treated can help you to understand what the next steps are when your child seems to display symptoms of this condition.

What is this condition?

This condition centers around the internal rotation of the tibia bone causing the toes and foot to turn inward towards the other foot. Typically, this is first observed when your toddler starts to walk. In most cases, the condition corrects itself by the time the child is around 4 years old but in other cases intervention is needed.

Symptoms and Treatment Options

There is usually no pain that comes along with this problem but parents seem to notice and report that their children fall more than what is considered normal. They seem to be tripping over their own feet when trying to walk in most cases.

Treatment options vary depending on the severity and the age of the child. As mentioned above, internal tibial torsion typically corrects itself by the time the child reaches age four. In more severe cases, if the condition has not corrected by the age of 9 or 10 years old, then they will consider surgery to correct the problem. That is because by this age, it is generally considered that it will not get better and they want to give your child the best possible future with walking correctly. Other times braces or physical therapy intervention has also been used.

The prognosis with internal rotation of tibia is usually a very good one. Your child will typically grow out of the condition anywhere between three and six years of age. There’s not any pain associated with it and the only symptoms you may notice is more falling down or tripping when walking.

Your child’s doctor can diagnosis this with measurements of the legs, physical exam and in some cases x-rays to determine the rotation. This is not a condition that has to be scary or frightening to you as the parent. Your child can still learn to walk with a normal gait and if it isn’t corrected on its own, there are other interventions that can help.

Common Childhood Orthopedic Conditions

When it comes to your child’s growth, you may notice things from time-to-time that don’t seem quite as they should. Those could include things such as their speech, you may notice they seem to have flatfeet, or even that they suffer from knock-knees. While most often times you’ll find your children grow out of some of these concerns you have, others may not grow out of them and need assistance in handling the situation. Here are some common conditions children deal with of an orthopedic nature.

Walking on Their Toes

Most times you’ll find your toddler that is learning to walk with walk on their toes. As they get stronger and walk more consistently, this should disappear. However, if it does not and your child is over age 3, they need to see a doctor about this condition. This can cause harm to their muscles later in life if it is not dealt with at an early age.

Flatfeet That Stay

Typically, babies are born with their feet flat and develop their arches later on in life. However, there are some children who never get an arch and they still have flat feet later on. This may appear that they have weakness in their ankles due to the way their foot appears when they are standing straight up. Doctors say that most times this is not a cause for concern but in those cases where pain is involved, they may prescribe arch supports to assist in reducing the discomfort and help the foot to develop correctly.

Knock-Knees

While a lot of children do show a slight tendency towards the knock-knee condition, more often they not it is something they grow out of. However, if they do not grow out of it or one side is more pronounced than the other, you should seek medical assistance. Such items as braces or inserts in the shoes can help your child’s legs start to straighten out and reduce any pain they may be having.

Other conditions that may require a doctor’s visit include pigeon toes or children who seem to have the bowing out of their legs. In most cases all of these conditions are something your children will grow out of without any intervention. In the cases where you do need to seek intervention, the orthopedic specialists can assist you in making sure your child is comfortable and growing at the pace they should be.

Top 4 Yoga Injuries: Prevention

All around the world you’ll find people getting into the sun salutation position or downward dog at their local Yoga studio. Maybe they’re even doing Yoga at home with their own mat and via the television. Either way, Yoga injuries can still occur if you are not careful. Just like any other sport you can experience lower back pain or other injuries if you do not do the positions as they are meant to be. Check out a few of the ways people get injured during Yoga and how you can prevent it from happening to you.

Wrist Pain

One of the most common Yoga injuries is pain to the wrists during the poses. A lot of times your wrist carries most of your body weight in the poses and this can lead to injuries. You have to learn the right techniques to leveraging the weight while still holding the correct position.

Shoulder Pain

Be careful not to shrug your shoulders and hold them up to high during your positions. When you raise your shoulders up to your ears, you are not allowing the neck muscles to support you as they should. This can cause pain and injury to your shoulder areas.

Lower Back Pain

While many people use these stretches to relieve lower back pain, some end up having pain because of improperly doing the pose. When you are folding forward in your positions, you want to make sure that you take it slowly and do the position in the correct way. Otherwise it leaves your back going in the wrong direction which can lead to disc pain or injury.

Knee Pain

This can arise from sitting in the Lotus position which is a full cross-legged position. If you have knee pain already, then it’s best to avoid this position. Always make sure that you do not aggravate your pain by pushing your body further than it’s ready to go.

How to Prevent Yoga Injuries

It is vital that you learn the correct positioning for all poses before starting a full class. You can take the beginners class or work with a trainer before pushing yourself too far. They can help you learn the correct way to get into position and hold it without putting yourself in danger of injuries. While Yoga is a fabulous way to get exercise and flexibility, it can also be painful if you push your body farther than you should. Take it slow and learn the right techniques, and in no time you’ll be doing the head stands!

Most Common Cycling Injuries: Prevention

When it comes to a fun way getting in your exercise or even getting from point A to point B, cycling has been the number one way for many years. People of all ages enjoy riding their bikes out on trails, in their neighborhoods and even renting them at the beaches. One problem that comes with this mode of fun and exercise is cycling injuries. Learning how you can prevent these from happening to you will keep you happily cycling for years to come. Check out the common cycling injuries below and a few tips on how to prevent them from happening.

Pain in the Hands or Wrists

Some people experience pain in their hands or wrists after riding. Typically, that is because a lot of people ride with their elbows locked and arms straight out. To prevent that from happening to you, be sure to keep your elbows bent during riding time. This will help your elbows act as shock absorbers for the rest of your arm when you hit bumps or dips along the way.

Pain in the Neck or Back

You might experience neck pain or even back pain after you’ve been riding for a while. Most often times this is due to improper positioning on the bike itself. If you’re handlebars are set at too low of an angle, then you may find yourself rounding your back or bending over to reach them. If you seem to stay in one position for too long this can cause your neck pain to start as well. Be sure to change positions often and get off to stretch while you’re riding for a lengthy period of time.

Pain in the Knees

You may find the most common problem with cycling is the knee pain that can develop. This is mostly due to overuse of your knees. It can result in problems such as cyclists knee, quadriceps tendonitis, or other conditions that are from overuse of the joint. Make sure you give your knees plenty of rest before and after the cycling journey you take. Also shoe wedges can help to relieve the overuse of your knees and thus help prevent your knee pain from coming back.

Head Injuries

Always remember to wear a helmet whenever you are riding to prevent dangerous cycling injuries from happening. Keeping a helmet on at all times will drastically reduce the potential for you to suffer from a head injury during your bike ride.

Keep these tips in mind to help you enjoy cycling and prevent the most common cycling injuries.

4 Causes of Your Knee Pain

When it comes to aches and pains, they can be quite bothersome. Some are just dull aches because of overuse but others can be more painful and have different root causes. Pain in your knees can vary from just a bothersome ache to excruciating depending on the cause. You could have knee injuries or you could have pain resulting from a different condition altogether. Here are a few of the different varying causes of your knee pain and what you should know about them.

Osteoarthritis

This cause of your knee pain is typical after age 50. It’s your basic “wear and tear” type of pain from years of use. The main cause of this pain is when you’re using the knee and it causes your joint to swell or become achy. You may also notice stiffness in the joint when you’re getting up from bed early on in your day.

Patellar Tendinitis

When you overdo it on exercise or running, this is the condition that may pop up. This knee pain is centered around the swelling in the tendons of your knee joint. The tendons that actually connect your shin and kneecap become inflamed and cause the pain you’re feeling.

Dislocated Kneecap Pain

This happens when your kneecap slips out of place due to an injury. You may have injured your knee in sports or other events and this can cause quite a bit of pain.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

This knee pain is caused by irritation at the bottom of the knee when you’re younger. This condition is usually started or aggravated when you’re overdoing during sports or exercise. It causes a bump below your kneecap where the tendon connects to the shinbone. This is usually only seen in younger people who are still growing and their bones are still shifting and changing.

What to Do with Knee Pain

There are a few things to keep in mind with your knee pain or knee injuries. Depending on the cause of the pain, these few tips can help you keep the pain reduced. Consider taking an anti-inflammatory to help reduce the swelling in your knee joints. You can ice the knee as well to help reduce inflammation. Make sure to rest the knee properly between exercising. Take some time off so that your knee can heal and recuperate. Also keep your knees elevated and consider adding in stretching exercises to help with the pain.