Childhood Obesity and Musculoskeletal Problems

Obesity is an ever increasing global problem that results in an increase in the risk of contracting diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and musculoskeletal disorders. This is especially so in children as the obesity rates are rising at a shocking rate. Studies have concluded that overweight and obese have double the risk of suffering from musculoskeletal disorders compared to children who are fit and healthy. Is there any way to combat this problem and what exactly is the link? Let’s discuss about this in the article below.

Childhood obesity and musculoskeletal problems are influenced by the morphology of the development of connective tissues such as ligaments and tendons. Children who are less active will have a reduction in cartilage accrual and this is associated with obese kids who are less inclined to participate in sporting activities. Childhood time is the most crucial for body development including the hips and knees. A reduction in cartilage accrual led to an externally rotated lower limb due to the need for the lower body to support the added weight. An increase in body weight also affects the knee alignment directly. Obesity is linked to Blount’s disease due to the biomechanical overload of the proximal tibial physis. Obesity also leads to a decrease in bone density. Biomechanical factors affects bone metabolism and it is the childhood period where the strength and quality of bones are often decided. This can lead to long term complications when transiting into adulthood.

Obesity also leads to an increase in musculoskeletal pain. There is a clear relation between increased weight to pain and this is due to biomechanical changes in obese kids resulting in compensatory mechanisms for the body, causing it to misalign joints to better support the body. There have been reports of increases in fracture cases for obese children lately. In fact, the fat mass protects the hip and vertebral from fractures but increases the chances of fracture at the ankle and humerus. Parents should advise their children to take in Vitamin D and minerals supplementation to build strong bones.

The increase in the number of obese children is shocking and of concern since there is a direct link between obesity and musculoskeletal problems. It is important for parents to monitor the nutrition level of the foods provided and restrict excessive intake of junk food. Parents should also engage in sports with their kids to promote a healthy lifestyle from young.

How Does Yoga Reduce Orthopaedic Injuries?

No one in this world is born perfect. There are imbalances in various parts of our body and this can cause injuries if mishandled. Many sports athletes are now turning to an ancient form of practice – Yoga. Yoga helps to increase the flexibility and physical as well as mental strength of oneself. It helps to prevent injuries associated with overuse and speed up recovery of existing injuries.

Yoga is normally conducted in a room that is slightly warm. This increase in temperature will allow muscles to expand and relax, allowing for an increase in stretching capabilities. Enhanced stretching will help to lower the risk of injuries. Yoga will help to build up physical strength and tone muscles, especially vulnerable ones such as the back muscles. It also increases flexibility, reducing injuries that are sustained due to the inability to flex. Since yoga causes perspiration, it will draw out toxins and impurities from the body, burn excess calories and help to build up endurance levels.

Orthopaedic injuries are all about the joints and musculoskeletal system. Having strong joints and muscles will help to significantly lower the risk of injuries. For example, athletes that are involved in high tempo activities such as basketball and soccer are at a high risk of ankle sprains. Due to the constant running and jumping motion, this causes a lot of high stresses to build up at the joints. Without sufficient rest, it can lead to overuse injuries and eventually soft tissue damages. Not only does yoga help to strengthen these joints, it also helps to reduce body weight to reduce the cyclic stresses acting on weak areas of the body.

You may be thinking basic warm up and cool down stretches also help to increase body heat and relax the muscles, increasing flexibility. What is so special about yoga? Well, the main difference is that yoga goes beyond stretching the “common” muscles. Normal stretches simply stretch the muscles in a one direction plane. However, this is rather useless for sports since sports is a 3 dimensional activity whereby the stresses come in the x, y and z plane. Yoga helps to stretch all the muscles in all the directions including the small ones to better prepare for what is to come during the games. Additionally, how yoga differs from ordinary stretching lies in its breathing during the practice. The emphasis of muscles isolation, works on specific muscles and in general stronger muscles would reduce the risk of sustaining orthopaedic injuries. In fact, stronger muscles also reduce the extent of an injury as well as recovery rate. Generally a stronger individual would be able to recover faster than an individual with weak muscles.

Yoga is an ancient activity that helps to warm up your muscles, increase the flexibility and build up your physical and mental strength through various poses and motion. With thousands of years of history, it is tried and tested by many.

5 Benefits of Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) Therapy?

Plasma Rich Platelet (PRP) therapy is an innovative treatment that helps to relieve pain and speed up the healing process. Since PRP uses your own tissue to aid in healing, there will not be complications arising from antibodies reacting. PRP appears to be beneficial in musculoskeletal treatment of the body in places such as the knee, shoulders, spine and hip. It is a non-surgical treatment that carries a much lower risk that conventional surgery.

Low risk

PRP therapy is a non-surgical option which means that the risk is extremely low. Additionally, it uses the patient’s own cells to help in the healing process, reducing any risk of foreign antibodies reacting with your immune system. PRP utilises blood that contains large amount of platelet cells which are full of healing factors to speed up the repair rate and attract stem cells.

Short treatment time

PRP therapy requires a much shorter treatment period as compared to other forms of treatment. It only takes on average an hour to two for the whole process. It is performed in a low risk environment that does not require any downtime, meaning that you can visit your medical officer during your lunch time and go back to work immediately after treatment. It does not require lengthy hospital stays or even anaesthesia.

Minimal visits to your doctor

Multiple visits are not required for PRP therapy. Typically, three injections will be administered within a period of six months and that is often all that is needed. Patients often find relief after only two injections and each injection is spaced three weeks apart. This will reduce any requirement for troublesome follow up visits to your doctor.

Meant for everyone

PRP therapy is meant for everyone out there. Although it is mainly a treatment for musculoskeletal problems, it can be performed on people with all sorts of problems including skin issues and even ageing. PRP therapy can be carried out to reduce fine lines, wrinkles and even acne with reasonable results.

Little side effects

As compared to other form of treatments, PRP therapy has very little side effects. The common ones are bruising of the injection site which will go away in a few days. There are no serious side effects due to it being a non-surgical procedure and the fact that the patient’s own cells are used.

PRP therapy is a method that is worth trying before deciding on surgery. Most patients recover after a few rounds of PRP therapy with reasonable results. However, it is not cheap and not very proven. However, do consider PRP therapy as your last resort before turning to surgery as your final resort.

Top 4 Occupations that Negatively Affects the Musculoskeletal System

Our musculoskeletal system consists of the bones, ligaments, tendons and many more that allows us to move around. Disorders to the musculoskeletal will affect our locomotion and will cause problems to our daily lives. Disorders are often due to cyclic stresses and strains caused by our daily activities. Some occupations have an increased risk for Musculoskeletal disorders and our shoulders, hands, neck and back are the ones that are usually affected.

Carpet layers

Carpet layers are workers who lay carpets for customers. They are required to be in a kneeling position for prolonged periods of times daily and they not only have to kneel on a hard surface, they also have to use a knee kicker to stretch the carpet to ensure proper alignment. Whenever we kneel down, our body weight is fully on our both knees and keeling for long periods of time on a hard surface will cause even more damage to the meniscus and kneecap. Over time, the meniscus will wear off and the kneecap will also get damaged.

Movers

Movers are often required to carry heavy loads on their back and this will cause serious musculoskeletal problems such as chronic back pain, sprains, strains and even slipped disks. Back strains are often caused by overloading and poor lifting techniques. If it continues, the muscle can get torn and that will cause inflammation, causing pain and possibly muscle spasms. An injured back muscle will need to work even harder to protect and support the spine, leaving the spine at an additional risk to getting injured.

Office workers

Office workers work in probably the most relaxed and ideal conditions but they are one of the ones with the highest risk to musculoskeletal disorders. Sitting in a poor posture for a day causes more damage to the body than manual work. Poor posture such as hunching can cause lower back pain and shoulder stiffness. Prolonged sitting in a fixed position can also cause an overload in the muscle structures.

Construction workers

Construction workers are often required to carry heavy static loads throughout the day. To distribute the weight better, they often carry the items over their head in a outstretched position. The muscles are thus unable to contract and this will injure the muscles and even hinder the proper blood circulation around the body. Prolonged period of poor blood flow can cause the arms to swell.

It is easy to prevent musculoskeletal disorders by making small changes to your daily lifestyle. The working environment needs to be changed and you also need to be aware of the hazards you are faced with and overcome them.