Pain is often the first symptom of most orthopaedic problems. A proper diagnosis followed by prompt treatment will need to be administered to patients in the shortest possible time. However, not all orthopaedic problems will need to be treated by surgery. Medications can help in most cases to reduce swelling, inflammation and pain and allow the patient to continue to lead a high quality lifestyle. Let’s take a look at some of the common medications that are used for orthopaedic treatments.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to help in pain relief and reduce swelling, tenderness, redness and stiffness following an injury that affects the joints or bones. Common NSAIDS include aspirin, ibuprofen and paracetamol. For minor injuries such as a sprain or strain, NSAIDS are usually sufficient to control and heal it.
An orthopaedic injury can be a huge blow for most people, especially those who are active in sports. It can result in the need to make huge changes in daily activities and this can cause depression is some people. As a result, anti-depressant drugs such as Prozac, Zoloft and Zyban are often prescribed to patients who are at a higher risk of depression.
Injuries to the nerves can cause a lot of unwanted and sudden pain. Most of the time, the pain can be described as a sudden stabbing pain and this will eventually lead to seizure. Therefore, anti-seizure drugs will be prescribed to patients to prevent this from happening. Common anti-seizure drugs include Gabapentin, Carbamazepine and Topiramate.
Pain relievers help to reduce inflammation and bring down swelling and tenderness. Pain relievers act by either blocking the nerve from sending information to the brain or changing the sensory meaning of pain, reducing pain dramatically.
A single corticosteroids injection can help to provide pain relief for up to 6 months. Corticosteroids treatments can be administered either orally or through injections and injections are the most preferred method as the drug is passed directly to the inflamed tissue. Corticosteroids are not meant to be used for a long period of time as they can cause serious side effects.
Osteoporosis occurs mainly due to ageing. This is due to the reduced intake of calcium and that causes the bones to get thinner and thinner. Over time, it will lead to a reduced bone density and increase the risk of bone fractures. Anti-osteoporosis drugs act by injecting a concentrated amount of calcium and bone forming cells to reduce bone thinning and increase calcium content.
Drugs are prescribed based on many different factors such as medical history, allergy, age and severity of orthopaedic injury. Instead of surgery, some minor injuries can be easily treated with medication.