Elderly Hip Fracture: Top 4 Symptoms & Prevention Tips

Growing older comes with its own set of dangers and precautions that need to be taken to ensure that you avoid a variety of problems that could arise. As you age, your bones may become weaker and not be able to handle a fall or trip as they once could. One of the major causes for concern is a hip fracture in elderly generations. The hip fracture itself can lead to many other problems due to the inability to move it well and being down and out for a while to recover. Here are the top four symptoms of a hip fracture and a few prevention tips to protect you or your loved one.

Can Not Move

After your loved one or yourself has taken a fall, you may not be able to move right away. That can be a sure sign that your hip has fractured during the tumble. It may be very difficult or even impossible for you to get back up on your own.

Pain and Bruising

Another sure sign of a hip fracture is the severe pain that may be felt in your hip or groin area. This can be quite excruciating and can make it very difficult to function. You may also notice bruising and swelling in the hip area as well. Your loved one may feel a lot of stiffness as well in the hip area if they have fractured their hip.

Not Able to Put Weight on the Leg

If you’re dealing with a hip fracture in elderly loved ones, you may notice they cannot put weight on the leg that the hip is fractured on. They may try but cannot succeed as there is just too much pain in that joint area.

Outward Turning or Shorter Leg

You may notice that the leg on the injured side is turned outwards toward the foot in a way that is not natural for it to be. There also may be signs of one leg being shorter than the other when there is a hip fracture present.

Prevention Tips

A fractured hip in the elderly can be quite dangerous so there are a few prevention tips that should be taken into consideration. Be sure to always have assistance around if they have trouble standing or sitting down. Make sure that if there are rugs or carpets in the areas that your loved ones frequent that they are tacked down or remove them if possible. Be sure that the pathways and walkways are clear of items that could cause tripping. Do not have wheels on any of the chairs they use and be sure there is a chair or safety rails/handles in bathrooms. These items can help to prevent a very dangerous situation.

4 Daily Activities to Reduce Risk of Hip Injury

The joint that connects our pelvis to our thigh is our hips and weak hips are often the cause of hip injuries. This is due to the extreme flexibility and range of motion our hips offer but there is a trade-off between flexibility and stability. Generally, our hips are stable but daily activities can cause injuries to them. Studies have proved that poor hip stabilisation causes injuries as the hip is heavily required to support the combined motion of our legs and knees. You can perform simple daily activities to reduce the risk of hip injuries. Let’s discuss a few of them in detail.

Hip Hiker

There are many hip exercises that can help you strengthen your hips. One of the easiest and most effective ones is the hip hiker. Place the instep of your right foot at the edge of a small stool, elevate your left foot. Avoid bending your knees and relax your right leg muscles and drop your left leg slowly onto the ground. Contract your right leg muscles immediately and raise your left leg again. Repeat this exercise for both legs for 3 sets of 15s.

Bridging

Bridging is another simple exercise that can be performed anywhere. Lie on your back on a flat surface and slowly lift up your buttocks, keeping your knee, shoulders and hips in a straight line. Contract your muscles as you perform this and hold in the raised position for 5 seconds. Slowly return to the starting position and repeat for 3 sets of 15s.

Hip extension

Lie down flat on your stomach and keep your legs straight in a position that is not touching the floor. Slowly contract your gluteals muscles and hold in the position for 5 seconds. Repeat for 3 sets of 15s.

Resistance band extension

This is a slightly more challenging version of the hip extension exercise above and it requires the usage of a resistance band. You will need a chair to hold onto and maintain your balance. Place the resistance band on an object that is heavy such as your bed. Slowly lift your leg towards the back of your thighs and contract your glut muscles. You will be able to feel intense tightening of your glut muscles.

Most exercises can be performed in the comfort of your own home without the need for expensive equipments. They say that a little goes a long way and you can be assured that these simple exercises which you perform can indeed help you strengthen your hips and reduce your risk of injuries.