Sprained Ankle Treatments in Singapore (How to Recover Fast)

Sprained ankles are one of the most common sports-related injuries obtained by people. Although a sprained ankle may not be a major injury, it could be quite a hindrance to daily activities and of course, sports or other physical activities would not be possible without further injuring the ankle.

Depending on the severity of the sprain, there are plenty of sprained ankle treatments in Singapore that can provide recovery from 6 weeks to up to 4 months. However, with adequate rest, proper treatment and rehabilitation, the healing process could be sped up significantly.

Sprained ankles typically occur when the ankle is turned at an unnatural angle and the ligaments connecting the bone and ankle tears.

Symptoms

Typically, an ankle sprain can be identified by the pain, swelling, stiffness and instability. A minor sprain involves a stretched ligament with slight tearing. The pain would not be too intense and it would still be possible to walk with a limp.

If the ligament is completely torn, the ankle joint would lose its function and stability. Intense pain would be felt initially but it would wear off after a while till no pain is felt and swelling would be extensive.

You can identify a sprained ankle by bruising around the affected area, a swollen or painful lump near the ankle, and a general instability of the area.

Treatment

Depending on the severity of the sprain, a doctor may recommend several treatment programmes to suit your needs. Most of the time, sprains will go away with adequate rest without further pressure on the feet, but extreme cases may call for surgical solutions like arthroscopy.

R.I.C.E:

As with many other kinds of leg and joint injuries, the R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) method is the first form of treatment to contain the injury and reduce pain and swelling.

  • Rest: Avoid weight bearing as much as possible to allow the ankle to heal and prevent further aggravation of the injury.
  • Ice: Using an ice pack or ice wrap, apply it on the injured area for 10-15 minutes several times a day. This would reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Compression: After icing, use bandage to wrap around the injured area snugly. Make sure that it is not too tight that it cuts off blood circulation.
  • Elevation: Raise your leg above the heart level to further reduce the swelling.

These four steps should be repeated at least three times a day or until the pain and swelling subside.

During this time, you should also restrict movement and involvement in physical activities. If you have difficulty walking, consider a crutch or an ankle brace to assist you in your daily routine.

Medication:

Generally, no medication is required for a sprained ankle, but painkillers are sometime given out if necessary.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) can help to reduce the inflammation and reduce pain and swelling.

Other than that, over-the-counter painkillers are also prescribed to handle the pain. These can include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).

Rehabilitation

Keeping your ankle immobilized for too long can result in stiffness. Always wriggle your toes or move your ankle lightly whenever possible to keep it flexible. Once the injury has stabilized and is recovering, you can start rehabilitation exercises to restore its motion, strength and balance.

Light Exercises:

You can start off with sitting on a chair and moving your ankle up and down, followed by rolling your foot inward and outward. If these movements are bearable, proceed to stand with legs at hip width apart and lift up one foot at ankle level. Change to the other foot and repeat the reps.

Toe Raises:

Slowly lift your feet off the ground on a tiptoe and hold the position before lowering it back down. Use a support if necessary.

Calf Stretch:

With a wall for support, lean forward with one leg bent and reach out for the wall with both hands at head level. The other leg should be kept straight and feeling the stretch along the calf. Do the same with the other leg.

Prevention

If you often suffer from sprains, you can lower the chances of such occurrences by wearing proper shoes or going through physiotherapy and stretching exercises to improve your balance and footwork.

Other preventive measures can include ankle braces or sports tape which can hold and reinforce your ankle to prevent it from landing at susceptible angles.

One of the most common causes of ankle sprains is weak ankle muscles. You can train your ankles to be stronger with a simple exercise. Wrap a towel around your foot to create some resistance and roll it inward as a simple movement. Do not attempt to do this if your ankle already hurts!

5 Ways to Reduce and Relieve Ankle Pain

Our ankle joint is a complex structure involving bones, tendons and ligaments that helps to provide a wide range of motion including inversion, eversion, extension and flexion. These motions are responsible in providing stability and locomotion for the body. Our ankle bears the full weight of our body and any forces that are acting on it are of significance. Daily actions such as walking, running and jumping will have a huge impact.  As a result, ankle pain is a common complaint experienced by many. What are some ways to reduce and relieve ankle pain?

Stop wearing flats

Flats are simple and comfortable shoes for all ladies out there. However, flats provide virtually no form of support for the ankle. People with ankle pain complaints suffer from pronation which is the inward rolling of the foot towards the arch. A pair of flats does not have anything to prevent pronation and does not help at all. In fact, it can worsen the situation.

Gel inserts

Although flats are comfortable, they provide no form of support for the foot. Instead, you should consider using gel inserts if you really need to wear your flats. Gel inserts provide a firm yet responsive cushioning for your foot and helps to prevent pronation. It also helps to absorb shocks and relieves stresses acting on the soft tissues.

Walking on flat surfaces

Flat surfaces are the best for our ankles. They allow proper heel striking by our foot and provide a firm surface to land on. However, we do not have the luxury of flat surfaces wherever we go. There are always uneven and bumpy surfaces which must be avoided when possible. These uneven surfaces increase the risk of injuries.

Using ice packs

During an ankle injury, blood from surrounding areas gushes towards the injured part. Using an ice pack can help to constrict these blood vessels and reduce swelling to a great extent. Always remember to place a piece of cloth over your skin before putting on the ice pack to prevent frost bite.

Massage

Massages help to increase blood flow and circulation and are beneficial for patients with injured ankles. Due to the increased circulation of healthy and clean blood, growth repair cells are rapidly being transported to the injured region, aiding recovery.

Ankle pain is a common complaint and it can cause a lot of discomfort and inconvenience. By following the 5 ways mentioned above, you can be sure of reducing and relieving ankle pain.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is a very common problem experienced by many and is caused by different reasons. Patients will often suffer pain under the heel or behind the heel. Most of the time, heel pain will disappear on its own with time but in serious cases, they can become chronic problems. There are 26 bones in the human foot and the largest bone is the heel bone. The function of the heel is to provide support and balance the weight of the body. With such immense weight acting on it and various activities such as running and jumping, the heel is at a high risk of injury.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a painful result of the inflammation of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia links the heel bones to the toes and is responsible for the arch of the boot. Plantar fasciitis can cause immense pain which increases with every additional step you take but once you warm up the leg, the pain will start to go away, coming back again after periods of immobility.

Stress Fracture

As mentioned above, the heel bone is the largest bone in the human foot and stress fractures can occur due to overuse of the heel. Continuous activity on a hard surface can also contribute to stress fractures due to the higher force environment. When the heel bone fractures under stress, it will cause immense pain at the heel region and recovery time is often lengthy.

Heel bursitis

Heel bursitis results from inflammation of the bursa which is located at the back of the heel. It is most commonly occurred when the patient lands on the heels incorrectly, injuring the tendons and bursa. Improper footwear may also contribute to heel bursitis. The pain will normally get worse as the day passes.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

The Tarsal tunnel is located between the bones in the foot and the fibrous tissues in spaces. There is a nerve located at the tarsal tunnel called the posterior tibial nerve and it is protected by bones and tendons. Sudden high impact can cause stress fractures which will result in the posterior tibial nerve being pinched onto, causing pain at the heel and numbness at the region.

Heel pad inflammation

Located under the heel bone is the corpus adiposum which acts as a shock absorber to protect the heel bone. After repeated hard landings on the foot or overuse, inflammation of the corpus adiposum can occur, causing pain and discomfort. In more serious cases, haemorrhaging of the heel pad can happen. At times, simple activities like walking can also be a difficult task.

There are many different causes of heel pain and most of it is caused by overuse and lack of sufficient rest periods. The heel bone is an important part of our body and heel bone pain can restrict us from carrying out daily activities smoothly.

Will I develop arthritis if i had a fall during my secondary school days?

Question:

I fell and hurt my knee pretty bad back in high school. Will I be more likely to develop arthritis in my knee as I get older?

Answer:

Just because you injured your knee does not mean you’ll have problems as you age. However, significant injuries to the knee and hip have been found to increase the risk of osteoarthritis in these joints. Researchers tracked 1,337 medical students over a period of nearly twenty years to see whether people with knee or hip injuries would eventually have problems with osteoarthritis. They found that a higher percentage of people with injuries of the hip or knee in the younger years ended up having arthritis in the joint they had injured. People who are at risk because of an earlier injury should consider seeking advice on ways to improve the health of their joint and to prevent problems in the future.