Food that you should eat after orthopaedic surgery

Sometimes, we have to undergo orthopaedic surgery to repair damages to our body. Damages are often torn ligaments, fractured bones or tendon repairs. Orthopaedic surgery places immense stress on the body and during the repair period, the body’s metabolism rate is extremely high and eating the right foods after surgery is very important and can help speed up the recovery process. Recovery is not simply about getting plenty of rest and ensuring proper wound care. A well-balanced and healthy diet filled with nutrients is essential and can not only help to boost the immune system, but also regain body strength.

Low residue diet

After surgery, it is good to go on a low residue diet that consists of low fiber food such as fruits, vegetables, tender meat and eggs to aid in easy digestion which will help slow down bowel movement. This is strongly advised if the surgery involves the bowel as a low residue diet will put less stress on the bowels, allowing faster and timely healing.

Protein rich diet

A protein rich diet is required to help the body build and repair muscle and organs, especially important after orthopedic surgery. A deficiency in protein can possibly cause fatigue and muscle wasting. Protein acts as the “fuel” for body repair and patients are recommended to consume between two to three servings of fish, chicken, pork, beef, eggs, cheese and milk during the initial phase of healing. Protein shakes are also an excellent way to add more protein without much preparation.


Iron is able to help prevent a common side effect after surgery – anemia. Our body requires regular supply of iron to help in the formation of hemoglobin that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout our body. An unobstructed and constant flow of oxygen throughout the body is able to aid and promote healing. Dried apricots, liver, caviar, sesame seeds, clams and oysters are excellent sources of iron.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A helps in tissue repair and is beneficial to the healing process. It also encourages new skin growth and new tissue generation. Vitamin A can be found in liver, fish oil and cheese. Vitamin A also increases the body resistance to infection.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C helps to stimulate production of collagen and this will help heal wounds. Vitamin C also helps in the production of elastin which is important to allow wound to stretch without causing further damages. Vitamin C can be found in fruits such as lemon and oranges as well as peppers, cabbages, cauliflower and potatoes.

Post surgery recovery food is an extremely important part of the healing process and having a diet rich in nutrients is able to not only speed up the recovery process, but also help build up the immune system that is weakened by surgery.

Top 3 things to do before your orthopaedic surgery

Orthopedic surgery involves the musculoskeletal system and involves the replacement of areas such as knee joints, hips, spinal cord and hand. Orthopedic surgery is able to help patients relieve pain and allow them to have better mobility. Orthopedic surgeries are normally major surgeries so patients should be prepared for it. Several weeks of both mental and physical preparation should be done before surgery so that a smooth and speedy recovery can be achieved.

Know the procedures

Orthopedic surgeries are usually major ones and patients must always talk to their surgeon first. They must know what to expect before, during and after the surgery and what are the risks and complications that may arise. Patients must always know how long they need to stay in the hospital after surgery, what type of anesthesia will be used during the surgery, type of implant and material, post surgery rehabilitation and most importantly, the expected cost of the surgery. Always ask questions if you are unsure of anything.

Get healthy

Preparations before surgery help to increase the success rate of the surgery. For smokers, cut down on smoking or even better, quit smoking. Smoking will affect the way blood flow through the body which will affect the healing process and thus slowing recovery time. For drinkers, avoid any alcohol intake at least 48 hours prior to surgery. For patients who are overweight, a weight loss program should be embarked on in order to shed some excess weight. Patients who are overweight will place extra stress on the legs. Rehabilitation actually starts before the surgery itself. Pre-surgery exercises should be done to strengthen muscles.

Planning ahead

Recovery can take a long time and it is always good to start planning ahead. Planning ahead will help to minimize stress and will lead to a positive outcome. After surgery, mobility will be affected and it is good to have someone to take care of you for the time being. Try to shop for items that are able to help you in your daily activities. A grabbing tool or a stool can help reduce stress on the body. You may not be able to return to work anytime soon after surgery so start preparing to bring work home.

It is always good to be well prepared before your surgery. There are certain restrictions in terms of diet or medication. Always seek advice from your surgeon before continuing your diet as they may cause serious complications from the surgery.

Top 6 traits of a good orthopedic surgeon

There are many orthopedic surgeons today and they are specialized in treatment of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons need to possess a certain set of traits that sets them apart from other surgeon. They need to know every single aspect of the musculoskeletal system and they will need to perform surgeries to repair any injuries or damages as well as improve any functions. They need to have good physical strength, mental strength and flexibility.

Tact and sensitive

An orthopedic surgeon needs to possess tact and sensitivity. Patients will go to him thinking that they know what is wrong with them. But the surgeon is the one who really knows it medically and advise on the best treatment possible. The surgeon will need to bring across it in a simple way without huge medical jargons and tell the patients what are the things that are going wrong and what he need to do. Most of the time, he will need to share bad news with them. Thus he needs to be sensitive and show empathy.


Different patients have different recovery speed and time and an orthopedic surgeon must always be flexible and prepared for any changes. The surgeon may have had a patient of similar condition before but he must know that they will recover different and react to treatments differently. Patients may sometimes choose for a different course of action rather than the one the surgeon recommended due to reasons such as cost. Surgeons must then put themselves in their patient’s shoes and help them find the best medical action based on his means.


An operating theatre is very stressful and fast paced and can have many unpredictable situations happening at times. Thus, a good trait of an orthopedic surgeon is the need to stay calm amidst stressful situations and finish the task at hand. Patients will also feel more comfortable when they see that their surgeon is calm. Whoever wants a surgeon that is easy stress out?


Orthopedic surgeons need to be dedicated to both their work and their patients. They have to work long hours that requires them to be on their foot. They can be re-called back to the hospital when there is an emergency and they need to give up some of their personal time with their loved ones. They also need to visit patients and their families and explain to them the entire surgery process and have a discussion with them to answer their doubts.

Eye and hand coordination skills

Orthopedic surgeons need to have excellent eye-hand coordination as their surgery involves the usage of equipment such as power saws to drill through bones. A successful surgery can only be done if the surgeon has fine motor skills that allow him to carry out his surgery with the aid of equipments.


Orthopedic surgeons use equipments such as power saws for their surgery which are heavy. As such, they need to possess physical strength to operate them. Many amputations require the usage of saws to cut through the thick bones.
It is not easy to find a good orthopedic surgeon that possesses all the mentioned traits. An orthopedic surgery is not a small one and extra effort should be done on the patient’s part to find the best available. The patient can always ask their friends for any recommendations and take their own time to decide on the surgeon to carry out their surgery.

Choosing the right orthopedic surgeon for your treatment

Choosing the right orthopedic surgeon to perform surgery for you or your loved ones is never an easy task. Orthopedic conditions may worsen if an inexperienced surgeon is engaged. A skilled and experienced surgeon is of utmost importance. If you have a musculoskeletal system injury, you have to engage their assistance. What the surgeon does will have a direct impact on your health, now and in the future.

Asking around for opinions

Word of mouth is the most powerful tool out there. One of the most efficient ways is to ask your family members, neighbors and friends if they know of any skilled and quality orthopedic surgeon. Ask about their personal first hand experiences. You may also seek for advices and recommendations on the internet and there are comprehensive sources of information available. However, do not fully believe everything on the internet.

Establishing credentials

After you have shortlisted a few surgeons, do a search of them on the internet and call their respective clinics and hospitals to find out more about them. You may also arrange appointments with them. Ask them for their educations, area of specialization and experience in the particular field. Have they gotten the necessary education required and are those recognized?

Getting second opinions

Once you are happy with the last few shortlisted surgeons, arrange for an appointment with him/her. Ask him for his take on the surgery and what his plans are for you. After receiving his arrangement, take your time to think about it. In the mean time, schedule another appointment with another surgeon. Compare the results of different surgeons and see which one has the best approach and you are most at ease with. As this concerns your own health, do not do it hastily. You have all the time in the world to decide.

Going with your instincts

After you have in mind the right surgeon to perform the important surgery, ask yourself, are you comfortable with him and most importantly, do you trust him? A positive doctor-patient relationship is important and makes sure that the treatment plan and recovery plan your surgeon recommended is in line with what you expect.

Preventive care

Is your surgeon leaning towards preventive care? Measures such as exercising to lose weight and encouraging a smoke free lifestyle can make a huge difference in the recovery process. A surgeon who emphasizes all the little changes is one that is not only concerned with the current complication but also long term health.

Focus on your life after surgery and make a commitment to recover and stay healthy in the shortest time. When you have fully recovered and in the pink of health, it is now your turn to recommend your surgeon to those who need him most.

Top 4 signs that you need orthopaedic treatment for your injury

Many of us experience pain daily in our lives such as pain in our joints and back. We often simply accept it as part of aging and simply take painkillers or stop doing activities which we love. While it is a fact, we should not accept it without any professional medical help. Orthopaedic surgeons treat conditions relating to our musculoskeletal system which covers the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Depending on the severity of the injury, either surgical or non surgical means can be administered. Many people do not realise that they require the expertise of an orthopaedic surgeon and they are often referred to one by their general practitioner.

There are many reasons and causes for a patient to consult an orthopaedic doctor. Common reasons include:

  1. 1.     Arthritis
  2. 2.     Tumours
  3. 3.     Broken bones
  4. 4.     Joint replacement
  5. 5.     Sports injuries
  6. 6.     Spine injuries


Pain is the start of all problems and the same goes for orthopaedic problems. Patients often experience discomfort at different parts of their body such as their joints, rotator cuff, wrist or elbow. Even the slightest discomfort may indicate serious injuries. A locked finger could be due to trigger finger and pain after trauma could be due to torn ligaments or broken bones. Back pain could be due to herniated disc or a fractured vertebrae or even spine problems.


Swelling indicates an increase in body fluid or blood in that particular area and must not be taken lightly as it could be a sign of serious medical condition requiring surgery.  When a patient experiences swelling in his joint, it could possibly indicate osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder due to wear and tear on a joint over a prolonged period experienced by elderly patients and signs are swelling of the bones or joints.


Redness is caused by infection or injury and is often experienced with pain and swelling. Conditions such as tendonitis are often accompanied by redness. If a patient experiences pain and swelling with redness, it could mean a serious complication and an orthopaedic doctor is needed immediately. A decrease in range of motion for joints normally indicates musculoskeletal problems such as a torn ligament.

Visible injuries

Injuries such as sprain and dislocation are visible and they are musculoskeletal injuries which needs orthopaedic treatment. Deformity of the skeletal systems such as hammer toes and club foot will also require orthopaedic surgery to correct them.

Symptoms of Rotator Cuff Repair Injury

A rotator cuff tear is a common injury suffered by many and it causes pain and disability among adults. It will not only weaken your shoulder but will also hinder your day to day activities, such as wearing your clothes, brushing your teeth and combing your hair. The rotator cuff is a group of tendons that are joined together, surrounding the front, back and top of your shoulder joint connected to each other. When one or more muscles are torn, the tendons are detached from the humerus and they start to fray. As time passes, the tendon can entirely tear either on its own or during activities that exert huge load on the shoulders.

The most common symptom experienced by many is aching at the top and front of the shoulder. The pain is significantly higher when the arm is lifted overhead. Often, the patient is unable to have a good rest at night as the pain gets worse at night. Some patients may experience weakness in the injured arm and in a worst case scenario; the entire arm cannot be lifted at all.

When patients experience inability to lift their arm above their shoulder, it is normally due to their supraspinatus tendon rubbing against the under portion of their shoulder blade known as the Acromium. It can be acute and it can also be a gradual pain depending on the initial injury. Swelling and inflammation will be observed and the muscles in the rotator cuff will be weakened as a result.

Overuse of the shoulder causes bursitis or tendonitis which is also known as impingement. Impingement will cause the tissues below the acromioclavicular joint to be rubbing against the bone, causing irritation and pain. Normally the doctor will prescribe pain killers or cortisone injections. However if all fails, an arthroscopic acromioplasty or shoulder acromioplasty will be carried out.

As the surface of our acromion can be mis-shaped, bone spurs might develop. By jutting further down when the tendons are, it will cause much pain too the patient in the injured shoulder. The surgeon can reshape the acromion through arthroscopy, a minimal invasive surgery method or through open shoulder surgery.

Gentle exercises to obtain back full range of motion will start the day after the surgery and patients are advised to stop using the arm sling in the shortest possible time. The sutures will be removed a week after surgery and strengthening exercise will be taught to them. It will take approximately 3 months for the shoulder to recover fully.

Types of surgical techniques to stabilize an ankle with chronic sprains


What kinds of surgical techniques are used to stabilize an ankle with chronic sprains?


There are many surgical techniques, but they basically fall into two groups. One is anatomic reconstruction. With this technique, surgeons use the original ankle ligaments to repair the ankle. The other technique is called tenodesis. In this procedure, surgeons reconstruct the ankle ligament using tendon from elsewhere in the body, such as the lower leg. Surgeons attach the transplanted tissue to bones in the ankle joint.

Researchers evaluated the results of both kinds of surgery in a group of athletes. For these patients, anatomic reconstruction resulted in better ankle movement and stability. It also led to fewer degenerative changes in the joint. Compared to tenodesis, anatomic reconstruction more often gave a good or excellent result. For athletes and other active patients, researchers think anatomic reconstruction is the method of choice.

Top 8 Whiplash Symptoms and Treatment

Whiplash is an injury to the neck which is often cause by an unexpected increase in acceleration or deceleration force. This injury does damages to both the soft tissues and the bone structures of the neck.

Some doctor will refer a much more severe injury of whiplash as “whiplash associated disorders”. Most commonly, this injury occurs when someone met with an accident.

In this article, let us look at what are the top ten symptoms of whiplash injury.

  1. 1)     Neck Pain and stiffness

Once you are experiencing prolong neck pain or stiffness, it is likely that you might have been a whiplash injury.

  1. 2)     Insomnia

This is a common symptom as when you are face with whiplash injury, there will be higher tendency of not being able to sleep.

  1. 3)     Giddiness

There will be a higher tendency to feel dizzy once you have injured your neck.

  • 4)     Shoulder Pain

Most of the time you will experience a tight shoulder in when you’re facing the pain.

  • 5)     Anger

As you struggle with the symptoms of whiplash injuries, small little things that are happening around will anger you easily.

  • 6)     Social Isolation

Most of time you will tend to isolate yourself from the people around you. However, try opening up to the people you’re close to. That will make you feel better.

  • 7)     Blurred Vision

When facing whiplash injury, this is one symptom that is very prominent and something that you have to take high regards of it. If this symptom gets worsened, you may need to seek an orthopedic doctor for consultation.

  • 8)     Spasms in your muscles

This is a symptom that will only occur once in awhile. When facing with this symptom, try to take a short break from whatever you are doing.


The initial treatment of whiplash is to insert a soft cervical collar to help reduce the range of motion of the neck. This is so that the neck can be protected from any potential future injuries.

After the initial treatment, the patient can participate in physical therapy to increase neck muscles after the removal of the cervical collar. This will further decrease the pain.

However, if the patient happened to manifest psychological symptoms such as rage and nervousness after the injury, it would be advisable to seek medical attention of the emotional illness.

Nevertheless, the process of recovering should be looked into by an orthopedics. The patient should never proceed on any form of treatment without going through a proper consultation with a doctor.